Bonefishes are relatively slender, with a long snout, a heavy adipose eyelid and a gular plate, a bone found between the lower jaws of primitive bony fishes.
They grow to more than a metre in length and have an extended leptocephalus larval stage, suggesting a relationships with the eels.
They feed on bivalve molluscs, squid, shrimp and other fishes. Although they are a highly-prized fighting fish, they are not a good eating because of the very bony flesh - hence their common name.
Colborn J, Crabtree RE, Shaklee JB, Pfeiler E, Bowen BW. 2001. The evolutionary enigma of bonefishes (Albula spp.): cryptic species and ancient separations in a globally distributed shorefish. Evolution 55: 807–820.
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Whitehead, P.J.P. 1986. The synonymy of Albula vulpes (Linnaeus, 1758) (Teleostei, Albulidae). Cybium 10: 211–230.