Timor Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854)


Other Names: Timor Cardinal

A Timor Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides timorensis, at Nusa Penida (near Bali), Indonesia. Source: Gerald R. Allen / Fraser & Allen 2010 Zootaxa 2348: 46, Fig. 2E. License: All rights reserved

Summary:
A small brown cardinalfish with a blackish tip on the first-dorsal fin, faint darker bars below each dorsal fin, a pale bar behind the second dorsal and anal fins, a narrow darkish diagonal bar on the cheek, a dark brown blotch on the lower part of the gil cover, and a small dark behind the top part of the eye.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Apogonichthyoides timorensis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Jul 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/4105

Timor Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854)

More Info


Distribution

North West Cape, Western Australia and Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Timor Sea, to the Capricorn Group, southern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific - Red Sea and southern Oman to South Africa, and east to southern Japan and northern Australia.

Features

Dorsal fin VII(I)-I,9; Anal fin II,8; Pectoral-fin 15–17 usually 16; Pelvic fin I,5; Caudal fin (principal rays) 1+8-7+1; Lateral-line scales (pored) 24; Transverse scale rows above lateral line 2, one large, one small; Transverse scale rows below lateral line 6; median predorsal scales 3; Circum-peduncular scale rows 12 as 5+2+5; Gill rakers (total & rudiments) 15–17, well developed 6–9, upper arch 2-3+1, lower arch 5-8+4-7; second gill arch with small tooth patches or low rudiments; Vertebrae 10+14. (Fraser & Allen 2010)

Etymology

The species is named timorensis for Timor, the type locality.

Species Citation

Apogon timorensis Bleeker 1854, Natuurk. Tijdschr. Nederland. Indië 6: 207. Type locality: Timor.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2017

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Timor Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854)

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Alleyne, H.G. & Macleay, W.J. 1877. The ichthyology of the Chevert Expedition. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1(3–4): 261-281, 321-359, pls 3-9, 10-17 (p. 268, pl 5(3), Apogon darnleyensis)

Bleeker, P. 1854. Nieuwe bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van Timor. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 6: 203-214.   

Fraser, T.H. & Allen, G.R. 2010. Cardinalfish of the genus Apogonichthyoides Smith, 1949 (Apogonidae) with a description of a new species from the West-Pacific region. Zootaxa 2348: 40-56. Abstract

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6 

Hutchins, B. 2004. Fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 66: 343–398.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. 

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds) The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp. 

Mabuchi, K., Fraser, T.H., Song, H., Azuma, Y. & Nishida, M. 2014. Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846(2): 151–203.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E. & Fraser, T.H. 1999. Clarification of the western Pacific cardinalfish species Apogon trimculatus and A. rhodopterus, with description of a similar new species. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 47(2): 617-633 figs 1-5 pls 1-3

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37327077

Biology:Mouth brooders (males)

Depth:1-15 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:7 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map