Timor Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854)

Other Names: Timor Cardinal

A Timor Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides timorensis, at Nusa Penida (near Bali), Indonesia. Source: Gerald R. Allen / Fraser & Allen 2010 Zootaxa 2348: 46, Fig. 2E. License: All rights reserved

A small brown cardinalfish with a blackish tip on the first-dorsal fin, faint darker bars below each dorsal fin, a pale bar behind the second dorsal and anal fins, a narrow darkish diagonal bar on the cheek, a dark brown blotch on the lower part of the gil cover, and a small dark behind the top part of the eye.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Apogonichthyoides timorensis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 16 Nov 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/4105

Timor Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854)

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North West Cape, Western Australia and Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Timor Sea, to the Capricorn Group, southern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific - Red Sea and southern Oman to South Africa, and east to southern Japan and northern Australia.


Dorsal fin VII(I)-I,9; Anal fin II,8; Pectoral-fin 15–17 usually 16; Pelvic fin I,5; Caudal fin (principal rays) 1+8-7+1; Lateral-line scales (pored) 24; Transverse scale rows above lateral line 2, one large, one small; Transverse scale rows below lateral line 6; median predorsal scales 3; Circum-peduncular scale rows 12 as 5+2+5; Gill rakers (total & rudiments) 15–17, well developed 6–9, upper arch 2-3+1, lower arch 5-8+4-7; second gill arch with small tooth patches or low rudiments; Vertebrae 10+14. (Fraser & Allen 2010)


The species is named timorensis for Timor, the type locality.

Species Citation

Apogon timorensis Bleeker 1854, Natuurk. Tijdschr. Nederland. Indië 6: 207. Type locality: Timor.


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Timor Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Alleyne, H.G. & Macleay, W.J. 1877. The ichthyology of the Chevert Expedition. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1(3–4): 261-281, 321-359, pls 3-9, 10-17 (p. 268, pl 5(3), Apogon darnleyensis)

Bleeker, P. 1854. Nieuwe bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van Timor. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 6: 203-214.   

Fraser, T.H. & Allen, G.R. 2010. Cardinalfish of the genus Apogonichthyoides Smith, 1949 (Apogonidae) with a description of a new species from the West-Pacific region. Zootaxa 2348: 40-56. Abstract

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6 

Hutchins, B. 2004. Fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 66: 343–398.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. 

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds) The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp. 

Mabuchi, K., Fraser, T.H., Song, H., Azuma, Y. & Nishida, M. 2014. Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846(2): 151–203.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E. & Fraser, T.H. 1999. Clarification of the western Pacific cardinalfish species Apogon trimculatus and A. rhodopterus, with description of a similar new species. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 47(2): 617-633 figs 1-5 pls 1-3

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37327077

Biology:Mouth brooders (males)

Depth:1-15 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:7 cm TL

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