Eel Snake Blenny, Peronedys anguillaris Steindachner 1883


Other Names: Eel Blenny, Eel Codlet, Eelblenny, Gunnel, Shanny, Snake Blenny

An Eel Snake Blenny, Peronedys anguillaris. Source: Rudie H. Kuiter / Aquatic Photographics. License: All rights reserved

Summary:
Rare eel-like fishes with very long, slender, compressed bodies, very long-based dorsal and anal fins, minute pectoral fins and tiny pelvic fins. The head, eye and mouth are very small, and the body is covered in tiny cycloid scales. Eel snake blennies are pale tan to whitish with a broad dark stripe along the back, and fine brown wavy lines on the head and body.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2016, Peronedys anguillaris in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/1109

Eel Snake Blenny, Peronedys anguillaris Steindachner 1883

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to South Australia and Western Australia, from Victor Harbor and Kangaroo Island (South Australia) to the Recherche Archipelago (Western Australia). Inhabits quiet bays and estuaries, sheltering amongst seagrass leaves, roots, and decaying vegetation, in depths to 13 m.

Features

Dorsal fin lXXVI lXXXIV, 2 4; Anal fin II, 55 62; Pectoral fin 3-4 (minute); Pelvic fin I, 2 (tiny); Caudal fin 13; Lateral-line pores 9-15. 
Body very long and slender, eel-like (depth 7-8% SL); head length 16% SL; eye diameter 14-15% HL; upper jaw to slightly beyond hind edge of eye (30-31% HL); pectoral fins vestigial, non-apparent; pelvic fins tiny, shorter than eye diameter; pectoral- and pelvic-fin lengths less than eye diameter.

Size

To 13 cm TL.

Colour

Pale tan to whitish with a broad dark brown mid-dorsal stripe from tip of snout to tail tip; anal-fin base with a narrower brown stripe to tail tip; head and body with irregular fine brown lines from rear edge of eye; dorsal fin dark brown; anal fin yellowish anteriorly, brownish posteriorly; caudal fin brown above and below, wit ha  white medial stripe.

Feeding

Carnivore - likely to feed on tiny invertebrates.

Biology

The species is viviparous - with internal fertilisation and birth of live young.

Fisheries

Of no interest to fisheries.

Remarks

The species has been incorrectly recorded from Moreton Bay, Queensland.

Species Citation

Peronedys anguillaris Steindachner 1883, Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 20(22): 197. Type locality: St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2016

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Eel Snake Blenny, Peronedys anguillaris Steindachner 1883

References


George, A. & Springer, V.G. 1980. Revision of the clinid fish tribe Ophiclinini, including five new species, and definition of the family Clinidae. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 307: 1-31 figs 1-14.

Herzenstein, S.M. 1896. Ueber einige neue und seltene Fische des Zoologischen Museums der Kaiserlichen Akadamie der Wissenschaften. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences. St. Petersbourg 1: 1-14 (p. 7, as Neogunnelus microchirus).

Hoese, D.F. 2006. Clinidae. In: Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) 2006. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3 2178 pp.

Hoese, D.F., M.F. Gomon & D.S. Rennis. 2008. Family Clinidae (pp. 696-722). In: Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds) Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. 2005. Checklist of marine fishes of Recherche Archipelago and adjacent mainland waters. pp. 425-449 in Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I. & Kendrick, G.A. (eds) Proceedings of the Twelfth International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Esperance, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Neira, F.J., Miskiewicz, A.G. & Trnski, T. 1998. Larvae of temperate Australian fishes: laboratory guide for larval fish identification. Nedlands, Western Australia : University of Western Australia press 474 pp.

Ogilby, J.D. 1894. Description of five new fishes from the Australasian region. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 2 9(2): 367-374 (p. 373, as Ophioclinus devisi).

Ogilby, J.D. 1898. New genera and species of fishes. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 23(3): 280-299 (p. 294, as Eucentronotus zietzi).

Pogonoski, J.J., Pollard, D.A. & Paxton, J.R. 2002. Conservation Overview and Action Plan for Australian Threatened and Potentially Threatened Marine and Estuarine Fishes. Canberra : Environment Australia. 355 pp.

Pollard, J. (ed.) 1980. G.P. Whitley's Handbook of Australian Fishes. North Sydney : Jack Pollard Publishing Pty Ltd 629 pp. 

Rennis, D., Hoese, D.F. & Gomon, M.F. 1994. Family Clinidae (pp. 741-775, figs 650-684) in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H (eds) The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Steindachner, F. 1883. Ichthyologische Beiträge (XIII). Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 20(22): 194-197.

Williams, J.T., Holleman, W. & Clements, K.D. 2014. Peronedys anguillaris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T179067A1565911. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T179067A1565911.en. Downloaded on 24 November 2016.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37414012

Biology:Live bearer

Conservation:IUCN Data Deficient

Depth:1-13 m

Habitat:Seagrass beds

Max Size:13 cm TL

Native:Endemic

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map