Milk Shark, Rhizoprionodon acutus (Rüppell 1837)


Other Names: Fish Shark, Fish-shark, Little Blue Shark, Longmans Dogshark, Longman's Shark, White-eye Shark

A Milk shark, Rhizoprionodon acutus. Source: CSIRO National Fish Collection. License: CC BY Attribution


Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Rhizoprionodon acutus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/1965

Milk Shark, Rhizoprionodon acutus (Rüppell 1837)

More Info


Features

Carnarvon, Western Australia, to Moreton Bay, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, east Atlantic Indo-west Pacific, from West Africa to southern Japan.

Biology

Females produce litters of 1-10 pups every year after a gestation period of 11.5 months. The pups are born at a length of 25 cm. 

Species Citation

Carcharias acutus Rüppell 1837, Fische des Rothen Meeres 3: 65, pl. 18(4). Type locality: market at Djedda, Red Sea. 

Author

Bray, D.J. 2017

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Milk Shark, Rhizoprionodon acutus (Rüppell 1837)

References


Anderson, R.C. and Simpfendorfer, C.A. 2005. Indian Ocean. In: S.L. Fowler, M. Camhi, G.H. Burgess, G.M. Cailliet, S.V. Fordham, R.D. Cavanagh, C.A. Simpfendorfer and J.A. Musick. Sharks, rays and chimaeras: the status of the chondrichthyan fishes. IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Rome : FAO Vol. 4(2) 251-655 pp. 

Compagno, L.J.V., Dando, M. & Fowler, S. 2005. A Field Guide to the Sharks of the World. London : Collins 368 pp. 

Compagno, L.J.V. & Niem, V.H. 1998. Family Carcharhinidae. pp. 1312-1360 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 2 687-1396 pp. 

Fowler, H.W. 1941. Contributions to the biology of the Philippine Archipelago and adjacent regions. The fishes of the groups Elasmobranchii, Holocephali, Isospondyli and Ostariophysi obtained by the United States Bureau of Fisheries Steamer Albatross in 1907 to 1910, chiefly in the Philippine Islands and adjacent seas. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 100(13): 1-879 figs 1-30 

Garman, S. 1913. The Plagiostomia (sharks, skates and rays). Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University 36: 1-528 pls 1-77 

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Klunzinger, C.B. 1880. Die von Müller'sche Sammlung australischer Fische in Stuttgart. Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 80(1): 325-430 pls 1-9 (as Carcharias crenidens)

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Canberra : CSIRO Australia 513 pp. 84 pls. 

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing Australia 2, 550 pp.

Ogilby, J.D. 1912. On some Queensland fishes. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 1: 26-65 2 figs pls 13-14  (as Scoliodon longmani)

Rüppell, W.P.E. 1837. Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres. Frankfurt Vol. 3, pp. 53–80, pls 15–21. 

Simpfendorfer, C.A. (SSG Australia & Oceania Regional Workshop, March 2003). 2003. Rhizoprionodon taylori. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2003: e.T41852A10580308. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2003.RLTS.T41852A10580308.en. Downloaded on 06 August 2017.
Springer, V.G. 1964. A revision of the carcharhinid genera Scoliodon, Loxodon and Rhizoprionodon. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 115(3493): 559-632 figs 1-14 pls 1-2 

Stead, D.G. 1963. Sharks and Rays of Australian Seas. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 211 pp. 63 figs. 

Stevens, J.D. 1999. Management of shark fisheries in northern Australia, pp. 456-479. In: Shotton, R. (ed.) Case studies of the management of elasmobranch fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 378, Part I. FAO, Rome. 

Stevens, J.D. & McLoughlin, K.J. 1991. Distribution, size and sex composition, reproductive biology and diet of sharks from northern Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 42: 151-199.

White, W.T., Last, P.R. & Naylor, G.J.P 2010. Scoliodon macrorhynchos (Bleeker, 1852), a second species of spadenose shark from the Western Pacific (Carcharhiniformes: Carcharhinidae). pp. 61-76 in Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. Descriptions of new sharks and rays from Borneo. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper 32: 1–165 

Whitley, G.P. 1929. Additions to the checklist of the fishes of New South Wales No. 2. The Australian Zoologist 5(4): 353-357 (as Rhizoprionodon crenidens)

Whitley, G.P. 1940. The Fishes of Australia. Part 1. The sharks, rays, devil-fish, and other primitive fishes of Australia and New Zealand. Sydney : Roy. Zool. Soc. N.S.W. 280 pp. 303 figs. (as Rhizoprionodon crenidens)

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37018006

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:To 200 m

Max Size:178 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map