Japanese Wrasse, Pseudocoris yamashiroi (Schmidt 1930)


Other Names: Pink Wrasse, Redspot Wrasse, Redthroat Rainbowfish

An initial phase Japanese Wrasse, Pseudocoris yamashiroi, at Bohol, Philippines, May 2017. Source: zsispeo / Flickr. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
Males are greenish-blue on the upper two-thirds of the body with a dense pattern of fine black spots and irregular vertical lines, a white belly, and dark outer caudal-fin rays making the tail appear deeply forked. Females are pinkish to pale purplish-grey with a silvery-white stripe above and below the eye, and a distinct red spot on the pectoral-fin base.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Pseudocoris yamashiroi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jun 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/267

Japanese Wrasse, Pseudocoris yamashiroi (Schmidt 1930)

More Info


Distribution

Rowley Shoals and Scott Reef, Western Australia, Ashmore and Cartier reefs, Timor Sea, and the far northern Great Barrier Reef and reefs in the Coral Sea, Queensland, to at least Sydney, New South Wales, with juveniles to Montague Island. Also at Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean, and Elizabeth & Middleton reefs and Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere, the species is widespread in the tropical, east-Indo-west-central Pacific, including New Caledonia and the Kermadec Islands, New Zealand.
Groups aggregate (females outnumbering males) on lagoon, channel and seaward reefs, often on open sand flats with large remote bommies and along the edges of reef slopes to feed on zooplankton in the water column.

Biology

Forms a harem with a dominant male and a group of females.

Species Citation

Julis yamashiroi Schmidt,1930, Trans. Pac. Comm. Acad. Sci. U.S.S.R. 1: 85, fig. 5. Type locality: Okinawa Island.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2019

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Japanese Wrasse, Pseudocoris yamashiroi (Schmidt 1930)

References


Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. pp. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.) Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202 

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy and rainbow wrasses and their relatives – a comprehensive guide to selected labrids. TMC Publishing, Chorleywood, UK.

Kuiter, R.H. & Tonozuka, T. 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 2. Fusiliers - Dragonets, Caesionidae - Callionymidae. Zoonetics, Australia.

Lieske, E & Myers, R.F. 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific and Caribbean including the Red Sea. Harper Collins Publishers, New York, USA.

Masuda, H., Amaoka, K., Araga, C., Uyeno, T. & Yoshino, T. (eds) 1984. The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokyo : Tokai University Press Vol. 1–2 437 pp. 247 figs 370 pls. 

Moore, G.I., Morrison, S.M., Hutchins, B.J., Allen, G.R. & Sampey, A. 2014. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: fishes. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 84: 161-206 

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Osborne, K. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Marine National Nature Reserve, December 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Sciences 64 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Thompson, A.A. 2003. Marine surveys undertaken in the Coringa-Herald National Nature Reserve, March-April 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science 59 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Emslie, M., Muir, P. & Thompson, A.A. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Lihou Reef National Nature Reserve, March 2004. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science i-vii, 1-67 pp.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Connell, A.D. & Victor, B.C. 2015. Review of the labrid fishes of the Indo-Pacific genus Pseudocoris, with a description of two new species. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 16: 1-55. PDF Open access

Randall, J.E. & Walsh, F. 2008. A pictorial view of the Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Pseudocoris, with description of a new species from the Coral Sea. aqua: International Journal of Ichthyology 14(2): 45-58.

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Russell, B.C. 2015. Tribe Julidini and Tribe Pseudolabrini. pp. 1374-1403 in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. (eds). The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 4 pp. 1153-1748. 

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105

Sadovy, Y. 2010. Pseudocoris yamashiroi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187547A8564424. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T187547A8564424.en. Downloaded on 05 February 2019.

Schmidt, P.J. 1930. Fishes of the Riu-Kiu Islands. Transactions of the Pacific Committee of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R. 1: 19-156 figs 1-6

Schmidt, P. J. 1930. On the fishes of the Riu-Kiu Islands. Proceedings of the 4th Pacific Science Congress, Java, 1929 3: 513-517


Westneat, M.W. 2001. Labridae. pp. 3381-3467 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37384145

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:5-30 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:15 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map