Smallspotted Dart, Trachinotus baillonii (Lacépède 1801)

Other Names: Black-spotted Dart, Black-spotted Swallowtail, Black-spotted Swallowtail, Northern Dart, Northern Swallowtail

Smallspotted Darts, Trachinotus baillonii, in the Maldives. Source: Malcolm Browne / Flickr. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

A widespread dart with a silvery-blue to greyish body above, silvery-white below, and 1 to 6 relatively small black spots along lateral line (absent on fish less than 10-13 cm fork length); caudal, second dorsal, and anal fins greyish to black with darker lobes; pectoral fins pale yellow to brownish-yellow; pelvic fins pale yellow to orange-yellow.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Trachinotus baillonii in Fishes of Australia, accessed 19 Jul 2019,

Smallspotted Dart, Trachinotus baillonii (Lacépède 1801)

More Info


Known in Australia from Mandurah, WA (32º33´S) to Sydney Harbour, NSW (33º50'S), Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Island, Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island. Elsewhere, widely distributed the Indo-west-central Pacific.

Species Citation

Caesiomorus baillonii Lacépède, 1801, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons 3: 92, pl 3(1). Type locality: Fort Dauphin, Madagascar.


Dianne J. Bray

Smallspotted Dart, Trachinotus baillonii (Lacépède 1801)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2.

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2. (Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island)

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 2069-2790 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37337074

Depth:0-50 m

Habitat:Coastal, pelagic, surge zones along beaches

Max Size:60 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map