Kermadec Whiptail, Coelorinchus kermadecus Jordan & Gilbert 1904


Other Names: Kermadec Rattail

Kermadec Whiptail, Coelorinchus kermadecus. Source: Robin McPhee & Mark McGrouther. License: © NORFANZ Founding Parties

Summary:

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Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. & G. Frankham, Coelorinchus kermadecus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 15 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/3025

Kermadec Whiptail, Coelorinchus kermadecus Jordan & Gilbert 1904

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Distribution

Temperate and tropical Southwestern Pacific; known from the Kermadec Islands in New Zealand to south of New Caledonia and southeastern Australia; benthopelagic on the continental slope in 620-1500 m; in Australian waters, mostly collected in 790-1050 m.

Features

D II, 7-9; P i16-i19; V 7; GR 7-9; PC 10-12.
Body elongate, head moderate, ridges not especially coarsely and sharply spined; snout long, sharply pointed, much longer than orbit diameter, anterolateral margin incompletely supported by bone; underside of head covered with small scales, nasal fossa finely scaled ventrally. Body scales with 4-7 more-or-less parallel rows of broadly triangular spinules, middle row the largest. Light organ short, not externally visible.

Size

A large species, reaching a total length of about 60 cm.

Colour

Overall greyish/brown to dark brown, no violet or purplish tinge; fins dusky to blackish; mouth dark grey to blackish, area surrounding anus bluish, but colour not extending to bases of pelvic fins.

Biology

Unknown.

Fisheries

Of no commercial importance.

Conservation

Not evaluated.

Species Citation

Coelorhynchus kermadecus Jordan, Gilbert & Starks, 1904, Bull. U.S. Fish Comm. for 1902 22: 619, Kermadec Island.

Author

Bray, D.J. & G. Frankham

Kermadec Whiptail, Coelorinchus kermadecus Jordan & Gilbert 1904

References


Bray, D.J., D.F. Hoese, J.R. Paxton & J.E. Gates. 2006. Macrouridae (pp. 581-607). In Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, G.R. Allen, J.R. Paxton, P.L. Beesley & A. Wells (Eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. Fishes. CSIRO Publishing & the Australian Biological Resources Study (ABRS), 3 vols., 2248 pp.

Iwamoto, T. 1999. Order Gadiformes. In Carpenter, K.E. & V.H. Niem. Species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Batoid fishes, chimeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome.

Iwamoto, T. & Graham, K.J. 2001. Grenadiers (Families Bathygadidae and Macrouridae, Gadiformes, Pisces) of New South Wales, Australia. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 52(21): 407-509, figs. 1-114.

Iwamoto, T. & Merrett, N.R. 1997. Pisces Gadiformes; Taxonomy of Grenadiers of the New Caledonian region, southwest Pacific, pp. 473-570 In Crosnier, A (ed.), Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, Volume 18. Mém. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., 176.

Iwamoto, T. & Williams, A. 1999. Grenadiers (Pisces, Gadiformes) from the continental slope of western and northwestern Australia. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 51(3): 105-243, figs. 1-58.

Merrett, N.R. & T. Iwamoto. 2000. Pisces Gadiformes: Grenadier fishes of the New Caledonian region, southwest Pacific Ocean. Taxonomy and distribution, with ecological notes, pp. 723-781 In Crosnier, R. (ed). Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, 21. Mem. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 184.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37232040

Biology:Bioluminescent

Depth:790-1450 m

Feeding:Carnivore

Habitat:Benthopelagic

Max Size:600

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