Sixgill Stingray, Hexatrygon bickelli Heemstra & Smith 1980

A Sixgill Stingray, Hexatrygon bickelli, filmed by an ROV on the Musicians Seamounts in the Central Pacific, September 2017. Source: NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, Deep-Sea Symphony: Exploring the Musicians Seamounts. License: CC by Attribution


Cite this page as:
Hexatrygon bickelli in Fishes of Australia, accessed 15 Dec 2018,

Sixgill Stingray, Hexatrygon bickelli Heemstra & Smith 1980

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Off Flinders Reef, Queensland Plateau, Coral Sea, and off Shark Bay to Exmouth Plateau, Western Australia. Elsewhere the species is widespread with a patchy distribution on continental slopes and seamounts in the Indo-west-central Pacific in depths to 1120 m.


Viviparous. Males mature at about 110 cm TL, and females at about 113 cm TL; size at birth about 48 cm TL.


Taken infrequently in bottom trawl fisheries.

Species Citation

Hexatrygon bickelli Heemstra & Smith 1980, Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst., Grahamstown 43: 6, figs 1-13, 15. Type locality: beach at Port Elizabeth, South Africa.


Australian Faunal Directory

Sixgill Stingray, Hexatrygon bickelli Heemstra & Smith 1980


Babu, C., Ramachandran, S. and Varghese, B.C. 2011. New record of sixgill sting ray Hexatrygon bickelli Heemstra and Smith, 1980 from south-west cost of India. Indian Journal of Fisheries 58: 137-139.

Compagno, L.J.V. & Last, P.R. 1999. Family Hexatrygonidae. pp. 1477-2478 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068. 

Daley, R.K., Stevens, J.D., Last, P.R. & Yearsley, G.K. 2002. Field Guide to Australian Sharks & Rays. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 84 pp. 

Heemstra, P.C. & Smith, M.M. 1980. Hexatrygonidae, a new family of stingrays (Myliobatiformes: Batoidea) from South Africa, with comments on the classification of batoid fishes. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J.L.B. Smith Institute, Grahamstown 43: 1-17 

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Canberra : CSIRO Australia 513 pp. 84 pls. 

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing Australia 2, 550 pp.

McCormack, C., Wang, Y., Ishihara, H., Fahmi, Manjaji Matsumoto, B.M., Capuli, E. & Orlov, A. 2015. Hexatrygon bickelli. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T161674A68626659. Downloaded on 05 October 2017.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37037002

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:360-1120 m

Habitat:Continental slopes, seamounts

Max Size:168 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map