Spottyface Whiptail, Coelorinchus acanthiger Barnard 1925


Other Names: Surgeon Grenadier

A Spottyface Whiptail, Coelorinchus acanthiger. Source: Ken J. Graham / NSW Fisheries. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike


Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. & Frankham, G.J. 2017, Coelorinchus acanthiger in Fishes of Australia, accessed 15 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/3607

Spottyface Whiptail, Coelorinchus acanthiger Barnard 1925

More Info


Distribution

Widespread in temperate waters of the southern Indo-West Pacific; known from off South Africa, Réunion (Mascarenes), and east across the Indian Ocean to southern Australia and New Zealand; bathydemersal on the continental slope at depths between 520-1500 m; collected in Australian waters at depths between 520-1170 m, most commonly between 800-1100 m.

Features

Dorsal fin II, 8-9; Pectoral fin 17-19; Pelvic fin 7; Gill rakers (first arch) 8-9; Branchiostegal rays 6; Pyloric caecae 9-13.

Head relatively large, eye large; snout long, pointed, longer than orbit, tipped with a sharp, narrow scute, anterolateral margin incompletely supported by bone; mouth small, inferior, upper jaw extends to below mid-orbit; teeth in bands in both jaws, band in upper jaw shorter than lower jaw band; chin barbel short.

Body scales coarse, with one to three ridge-like rows of parallel to slightly divergent, overlapping spinules, each spinule recurved and blade-like. Light organ small, length equal to anterior nostril, visible as a naked fossa immediately before the anus.

Size

This large species reaches a total length of 50 cm.

Colour

Overall brownish, mouth, gill covers, gill membranes, gill cavities and fins darker.

Fisheries

Of no interest to commercial fisheries.

Conservation


Species Citation

Coelorhynchus acanthiger Barnard, 1925, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9)15(88): 502. Type locality: off Cape Point, South Africa.

Author

Bray, D.J. & Frankham, G.J. 2017

Spottyface Whiptail, Coelorinchus acanthiger Barnard 1925

References


Iwamoto, T. & P.J. McMillan. 2008. Macrouridae. In Gomon, M.F., D.J. Bray & R.H. Kuiter. Fishes of Australia’s Southern Coast. New Holland Publishers & Museum Victoria, Melbourne, Australia. 1-928p.

Iwamoto, T. & Williams, A. 1999. Grenadiers (Pisces, Gadiformes) from the continental slope of western and northwestern Australia. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 51(3): 105-243, figs. 1-58.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37232042

Biology:Bioluminescent

Depth:300-1200 m

Habitat:Bathydemersal

Max weight:50 cm TL

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