Australian Herring, Arripis georgianus (Valenciennes 1831)


Other Names: Bull Herring, Herring, Rough, Roughy, Ruff, Sea Herring, Tommy, Tommy Rough, Tommy Ruff, Western Herring

Australian Herring, Arripis georgianus. Source: Rudie H. Kuiter / Aquatic Photographics. License: All rights reserved

Summary:
A popular recreational fish with a greenish to olive-grey body becoming silvery-white below, with bars of golden spots along the side (especially in juveniles), prominent black tips on the caudal fin lobes, large eyes (about one-fifth head length) and rough scales. Large fish have faint darker stripes along the scale rows.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Arripis georgianus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/405

Australian Herring, Arripis georgianus (Valenciennes 1831)

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to the southern half of Australia from about Forster, New South Wales, to the Swan River, Western Australia, and around Tasmania.

Features

Dorsal fin IX, 13-14; Anal fin III, 10; Caudal fin 17; Pectoral fin 16–18; Pelvic fin I, 5; Lateral line scales 54–59; Gill rakers 46–50.

Body streamlined, of moderate depth (27-32% SL) slightly elongate, little compressed, caudal peduncle rather narrow. Head moderately small (25-28% SL); eyes rather large (27-31% HL), narrow strips of transparent adipose tissue along front and rear edges of each eye in large fish;  preorbital bone with prominent tooth like serrations along lower edge even in large fish;  mouth of moderate size (upper jaw length 42-45% HL), oblique, maxillae reaching below centre of eyes;  teeth small, pointed, narrow band in each jaw. 

Scales moderately small, finely ctenoid but noticeably rough to touch, covering body and head except lower jaw, snout and above eyes;  lateral line nearly straight.

Single dorsal fin with long base and low notch between spinous and soft rayed portions, spinous portion noticeably higher than soft portion; anal fin small, about half length of soft portion of dorsal, located posteriorly; caudal fin deeply forked.  Pectoral fins small. Pelvic fins of moderate size, arising below centre of pectoral fins, reaching half way to anus.

Colour

Dark olive grey above, silvery white below, with faint lengthwise darker stripes on scale rows; juveniles with golden bars on upper sides, spots in slightly larger individuals; fins pale grey speckled with black; dorsal fin with a blackish margin; caudal fin dark olive with a broad blackish posterior margin, prominent at tips.

Biology

Spawn on the west coast of Western Australia from April to June. The eggs and larvae are carried eastward by the Leeuwin Current, and juveniles spend about two years in southern bays and coastal waters, before migrating westward as adults in February and March.

Fisheries

A popular angling fish from taken off sandy beaches, and considered an excellent sports fish on a light rod. The flesh is soft and somewhat oily, and considered good quality.

Species Citation

Centropristis georgianus Valenciennes, in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1831, Hist. Nat. Poiss. 7:  451. Type locality: King Georges Sound, Western Australia.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Australian Herring, Arripis georgianus (Valenciennes 1831)

References


Ayvazian, S.G., Bastow, T.B., Edmonds,J.S., How, J. & Nowara, G.B. 2004. Stock structure of Australian herring (Arripis georgiana) in southwestern Australia. Fisheries Research 67: 39–53.

Chubb, C.F., Hutchins, J.B., Lenanton, R.C.J. & Potter, I.C. 1979. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Swan-Avon river system, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 8(1): 1-55.

Edgar, G.J. 2000. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Sydney : Reed New Holland 544 pp.

Edgar, G.J. 2008. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Sydney : Reed New Holland 2, 624 pp.

Fairclough, D.V., Dimmlih, W.F. & Potter, I.C. 2000. Length and age compositions and growth rates of the Australian herring in different regions. Marine and Freshwater Research 51: 631-640.

Fairclough, D.V., Dimmlih, W.F. & Potter, I.C. 2000. Reproductive biology of the Australian herring (Arripis georgiana). Marine and Freshwater Research 51: 619-630.

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Monodactylidae, Arripidae, Kyphosidae, Girellidae, Microcanthidae, Scorpididae. pp. 596-607 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp.

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp.

Ireland, S. 2010. Looking after our nearshore fish stocks. Western Fisheries, April 2010. Department of Fisheries, Western Australia. 

Jenyns, L. 1840. Part 4 Fishes. 1-64 pls 1-15 in Darwin, C. (ed.) The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle under the Command of Captain Fitzroy, R.N. during the years 1832 to 1836. London : Smith, Elder & Co.

Kailola, P.J., Williams, M.J., Stewart, P.C., Reichelt, R.E., McNee, A. & Grieve, C. 1993. Australian Fisheries Resources. Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation 422 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Lenanton, R.C.J. 1978. Age, spawning time and fecundity of Australian herring (Arripis georgianus C. & V.) (Pisces: Arripidae) from the waters around Rottnest Island, Western Australia. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 29(5): 599-612.

Lenanton, R.C.J. 1982. Alternative non-estuarine nursery habitats for some commercially and recreationally important fish species of south-western Australia. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 33(5): 881-900.

Lenanton, R.C.J. & N.G. Hall. 1976. The Western Australian amateur fishery for Australian herring (Arripis georgianus). Results of the 1973 creel census. Western Australian Department of Fisheries and Wildlife Report 25. 59 p.

Paulin, C. 1993. Review of the Australasian fish family Arripididae (Percomorpha), with the description of a new species. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 44(3): 459-471.

Roughley, T.C. 1957. Fish and Fisheries of Australia. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 341 pp.

Smith, K.A., Brown, J., Lewis, P., Dowling, C., Howard, A., Lenanton, R. & Molony, B. 2013. Status of nearshore fish stocks in south-western Australia. Part 1: Australian herring. NRM Project 09003 final report. Fisheries Research Report No. 246. Department of Fisheries, Western Australia. 200 pp.

Valenciennes, A. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1831. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 7 531 pp. pls 170-208.

Walker, M.H. & D.P. Clarke. 1987. The Australian herring fishery in Western Australia, 1973-1985. Western Australian Department of Fisheries Report 76. 43 pp.

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37344001

Depth:0-50 m

Fishing:Commercial, recreational fish

Habitat:Pelagic, coastal waters

Max Size:41 cm FL

Native:Endemic

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