Red Emperor, Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816)


Other Names: Emperor Red Snapper, Emperor Snapper, Government Bream, King Snapper, Queenfish, Red Kelp

A Red Emperor, Lutjanus sebae, at the Mackeral Islands, Western Australia. Source: Julie Shuttleworth. License: All rights reserved

Summary:
A striking tropical snapper with a reddish to pink body and red fins. Large adults are overall red in colour. Juveniles and young adults have a dark red band from the snout tip through the eye to the first dorsal-fin spine, a broad band from the middle of the dorsal-fin spines to the pelvic fin, and a diagonal band from the end of the last dorsal spine to the lower lobe of the caudal fin.

Video of juvenile Red Emperors feeding in Lembeh Strait, Indonesia.
Video of juvenile Red Emperor (Lutjanus sebae), Long Spine Emperor (Lethrinus genivittatus), and Paradise Threadfin Bream (Pentapodus paradiseus) at a baited remote underwater video camera (BRUV).

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Lutjanus sebae in Fishes of Australia, accessed 18 Jun 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/567

Red Emperor, Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816)

More Info


Distribution

Recorded in Australia from Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia, around the tropical north to Sydney, New South Wales. Elsewhere, widespread in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific.
Adults often inhabit sandy and rubble areas near coral and rocky reefs; also in deeper waters to 180 m. Small juveniles often shelter amongst sea urchin spines, before moving into nearshore waters, including mangroves as they grow.

Feeding

Carnivore - feeds on fishes, crustaceans such as crabs, stomatopods and shrimps, and cephalopod molluscs.

Fisheries

Although commercially important in many parts of its range, large individuals are known to cause ciguatera poisoning in parts of the Indian Ocean. Small juveniles are popular in the aquarium industry.

Remarks

Juveniles often shelter amongst sea urchin spines until large enough to venture out to feed out in the open.

Species Citation

Diacope sebae Cuvier, 1816, Règne Animal: 2:  275. Type locality: unknown.

Author

Dianne J. Bray

Red Emperor, Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816)

References


Allen, G.R. 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Snappers of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 6. Rome : FAO 208 pp.

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Talbot, F.H. 1985. Review of the snappers of the genus Lutjanus (Pisces: Lutjanidae) from the Indo-Pacific, with the description of a new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 11: 1-87.

Anderson, W.D. & Allen, G.R. 2001. Lutjanidae. pp. 2840-2918 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Cuvier, G.L. 1816. Le Règne Animal, distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée. Les reptiles et les poisons. Paris : Déterville Vol. 2 pp. 104-351.

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Grimes, C.B. 1987. Reproductive biology of the Lutjanidae: a review. p. 239-294. In J.J. Polovina & S. Ralston (eds) Tropical snappers and groupers. Biology and fisheries management. Westview Press. Boulder and London.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Johnson, J.W. & Gill, A.C. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of Sweers Island, Gulf of Carpentaria. Gulf of Carpentaria Scientific Study Report. Geography Monograph Series. Brisbane: Royal Geographic Society of Queensland. pp. 239-260.

Kailola, P.J., Williams, M.J., Stewart, P.C., Reichelt, R.E., McNee, A. & Grieve, C. 1993. Australian Fisheries Resources. Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation 422 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Leis, J.M. 1987. Review of the early life history of tropical groupers (Serranidae) and snappers (Lutjanidae). p. 189-237. In J.J. Polovina & S. Ralston (eds.) Tropical snappers and groupers. Biology and fisheries management. Westview Press. Boulder and London.

Liu, C.-C. & S.-Y. Yeh. 1991. Age determination and growth of red emperor snapper (Lutjanus sebae) in the Arafura Sea off North Australia. Acta Oceanogr. Taiwan 26: 36-52.

Manooch, C.S. III, 1987. Age and growth of snappers and groupers. p. 329-373. In J.J. Polovina & S. Ralston (eds.) Tropical snappers and groupers: biology and fisheries management. Ocean Resour. Mar. Policy Ser. Westview Press, Inc., Boulder and London.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls.

McPherson, G.R. & L. Squire. 1990. Age and growth of three dominant Lutjanus species of the Great Barrier Reef inter-reef fishery. Asian Fish. Sci. 5(1): 25-36.

McPherson, G.R., L. Squire & J. O'Brien. 1992. Reproduction of three dominant Lutjanus species of the Great Barrier Reef inter-reef fishery. Asian Fish. Sci. 5(1): 15-24.

Newman, S.J. & I.J. Dunk. 2002. Growth, age validation, mortality, and other population characteristics of the red emperor sanpper, Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier, 1828), off the Kimberley coast of north-western Australia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 55(1): 67-80.

Newman, S.J., M. Cappo & D.McB. Williams. 2000. Age, growth, mortality rates and corresponding yield estimates using otoliths of the tropical red snappers, Lutjanus erythropterus, L. malabaricus and L. sebae, from the central Great Barrier Reef. Fish. Res. 48: 1-14.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Sainsbury, K.J. 1987. Assessment and management of the demersal fishery on the continental shelf of northwestern Australia. p. 465-503. In J.J. Polovina & S. Ralston (eds) Tropical snappers and groupers. Biology and fisheries management. Westview Press, Boulder and London.

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1985. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls.

Salini, J.P., S.J.M. Blaber & D.T. Brewer. 1994. Diets of trawled predatory fish of the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia, with particular reference to predation on prawns. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 45(3): 397-411.

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Yeh, S.Y., C.Y. Chen & H.C. Liu. 1986. Age and growth of Lutjanus sebae in the waters off northwestern Australia. Acta. Oceanogr. Taiwan. Sci. Rep. 16: 90-102.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37346004

Danger:Reports of ciguatera poisoning

Depth:5-180 m

Fishing:Commercial, sports, aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:116 cm FL; 37 kg

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map