Western Pomfred, Schuettea woodwardi (Waite 1905)


Other Names: Woodwards Pomfret, Woodward's Pomfret

A Western Pomfred, Schuettea woodwardi. Source: Rudie Kuiter / Aquatic Photographics. License: All rights reserved

Summary:

Identifying features:

  • Body deep, compressed, oval in shape, eyes large;
  • Dorsal and anal fins symmetrical, long-based, high at front; pelvic fins very small;
  • Body silver, dorsal, anal and caudal fins yellow or yellowish, with dark fin margins; elevated tip of dorsal fin blackish.

    The Western Pomfred forms schools in bays, harbours and shallow, often protected coastal waters to 30 m. The species is most common along the west coast of Western Australia. A similar species, Schuettea scalaripinnis, occurs on the east coast at similar latitudes.


  • Cite this page as:
    Dianne J. Bray, Schuettea woodwardi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/582

    Western Pomfred, Schuettea woodwardi (Waite 1905)

    More Info


    Distribution

    Endemic to temperate waters of southwestern Australia, from about Ceduna (South Australia) to Shark Bay (Western Australia); depth range 0-30 m. 

    The Western Pomfred congregates in schools in shallow coastal waters, and usually shelters in caves and under overhangs during the day. It is most common along the west coast of Western Australia. A similar species, Schuettea scalaripinnis, occurs on the east coast at similar latitudes.

    Features

    Meristic features.
    Dorsal fin spines/rays: V, 28-30
    Anal fin spines/rays: III, 29-32
    Caudal fin rays: 17
    Pectoral fin rays: 14-15
    Pelvic fin spines/rays: I, 5
    Lateral line: 46-47

    Body oval, deep (56-59% SL), greatly compressed. Head of moderate size (34-36% SL); eyes large (45-48% HL); mouth terminal, oblique, reaching to below anterior edge of eyes; teeth minute, in single row on each jaw. 

    Scales cycloid, moderately small, weakly attached, covering body, most of head and vertical fin bases; lateral line continuous, parallel with dorsal profile on upper portion of side.

    Single long based dorsal fin arising above centre of pectoral fins, first spine small, subsequent spines progressively much longer, first few soft rays slightly longer, followed by markedly shorter rays becoming more and more similar in length posteriorly, giving fin concave outer margin; anal fin opposite and of similar size and shape as soft portion of dorsal fin; caudal fin forked, of moderate size.  Pectoral fins small, angled dorsoposteriorly, upper rays longest. Pelvic fins very small, inserted below pectoral-fin bases.

    Size

    To 24 cm.

    Colour

    Adults silver with yellow dorsal, anal and caudal fins with dark margins. Juveniles with a vertical yellow band extending from the tip of the dorsal fin to the tip of the anal fin.

    Feeding

    Feeds on zooplankton, especially on planktonic crustaceans.

    Fisheries

    Of no interest to fisheries.

    Conservation

  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not Evaluated
  • Species Citation

    Bramichthys woodwardi Waite, 1905, Rec. Austr. Mus., 6(2): 72, pl. 14.

    Type locality: Mandurah, Western Australia.

    Author

    Dianne J. Bray

    Western Pomfred, Schuettea woodwardi (Waite 1905)

    References


  • Edgar, G.J. 1997. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Victoria : Reed Books, pp. 126-144.
  • Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Monodactylidae, Arripidae, Kyphosidae, Girellidae, Microcanthidae, Scorpididae. pp. 596-607 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.
  • Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H (eds) 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.
  • Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs.
  • Kuiter, R.H. 1994. Family Monodactylidae. pp. 605-606, fig. 534 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.
  • Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to sea fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.
  • Waite, E.R. 1905. Notes on fishes from Western Australia. No. 3. Records of the Australian Museum 6(2): 55-82 fig. 23 pls 8-17
  • Quick Facts


    CAAB Code:37356003

    Behaviour:Schooling species

    Depth:0-30 m

    Feeding:Carnivore on zooplankton

    Habitat:Rocky reefs

    Max Size:24 cm

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