Redspot Monocle Bream, Scolopsis meridiana Nakamura, Russell, Moore & Motomura 2018


Other Names: Red Spot Monocle Bream, Sahul Monocle Bream

Holotype of the Redspot Monocle Bream, Scolopsis meridiana, CSIRO H 4029–01, holotype, 194.8 mm SL, from north of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO, Fig. 1A (modified), in Nakamura et al (2018) Zootaxa 4500(2): 222-234. License: All rights reserved

Summary:
A monocle bream with a pinkish-brown back, yellowish sides with 18–20 purplish diagonal lines below the lateral line, three blue bands on the snout (two across the top of the snout between the eyes), and a reddish blotch on the upper part of the pectoral-fin base. The species also has a horizontally elongated posterior nostril, a deep caudal-peduncle and a short pre-dorsal-fin length.
In Australia, this species was previously referred to as Scolopsis taenioptera, which is now known to only occur in Southeast Asia.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Scolopsis meridiana in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Jul 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/621

Redspot Monocle Bream, Scolopsis meridiana Nakamura, Russell, Moore & Motomura 2018

More Info


Distribution

Northern Australia, from Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia, to North Palm Island, Queensland. The species also occurs in West Papua, Indonesia. 

Features

Dorsal fin X, 9: Anal fin III, 7; Pectoral fin 17-18; Lateral line, pored scales 46-48; Scale rows above Llat 4-6; Scale rows below Llat 9-10; Gill rakers 4-6 + 6-8
Distinguished by the following combination of characters: two bands across the snout dorsum, 18–20 diagonal lines on the lateral body surface below the lateral line, the posterior nostril horizontally elongated, a deep caudal-peduncle and short pre-dorsal-fin length; a dorsal scaled area on the head extending anteriorly to between the anterior margin of the eye and anterior nostril, the upper part of the pectoral-fin base with a reddish blotch when fresh, and no small antrorse spine below the eye.

Colour

Fresh coloration (based on photograph): head and body reddish-brown dorsally, silver-white ventrally. Two blue bands across dorsum of snout, connecting eyes; upper and lower bands above posterior nostril and below anterior nostril, respectively. Blue band on suborbital from anteroventral margin of orbit to upper-jaw lip. Oblique, broad, indistinct, yellowish band from upper opercular margin to posterior portion of upper jaw. Twenty purplish-brown diagonal lines on lateral body surface below lateral line; yellowish dorsally between diagonal lines. Dorsal-fin membrane pale yellow, with a blue horizontal line running from basal membrane anteriorly to middle of membrane posteriorly. Distinct reddish blotch at upper end of pectoral-fin base. Pectoral fin yellow. Pelvic and anal fins white, without lines or spots. Four indistinct yellowish longitudinal stripes on caudal peduncle. Caudal fin pale red, with yellowish upper margin; central area yellowish with small dark margined bluish blotches.

Etymology

The specific name “meridiana” is derived from Latin meaning “south”, in reference to the southern distribution of the species, relative to that of Scolopsis taenioptera, with which it has been confused.

Species Citation

Scolopsis meridiana Nakamura, Russell, Moore & Motomura 2018, Zootaxa 4500(2): 222-234. Type locality: north of Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia, Australia, 20°23′07ʺ–24ʹ08ʺS, 116°31ʹ00ʺ–32′03ʺE, st. no. SS0895/56, depth 37–38 m.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Redspot Monocle Bream, Scolopsis meridiana Nakamura, Russell, Moore & Motomura 2018

References


Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. (as Scolopsis taenioptera

Hung, K.-W., Russell, B.C. & Chen, W.-J. 2017. Molecular systematics of threadfin breams and relatives (Teleostei, Nemipteridae). Zoologica Scripta 46(5): 536–551 https://doi.org/10.1111/zsc.12237Open access

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp (as Scolopsis taenioptera). 

Nakamura, J., Russell, B.C., Moore, G.I. & Motomura, H. 2018. Scolopsis meridiana, a new species of monocle bream (Perciformes: Nemipteridae) from northern Australia. Zootaxa 4500(2): 222–234.  DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4500.2.4

Russell, B.C. 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Nemipterid fishes of the World (Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams, Monocle breams, Dwarf monocle breams, and Coral breams — Family Nemipteridae). Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 12. Rome : FAO 149 pp. VIII pls. 

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls (as Scolopsis taenioptera).

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp (as Scolopsis taenioptera).

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37347008

Depth:18–86 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:23 cm SL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map