Lemonpeel Angelfish, Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831)


Other Names: Lemon Peel, Yellow Angel-fish

A Lemonpeel Angelfish, Centropyge flavissima, at North Solitary Island, New South Wales, April 2015. Source: Ian Shaw / iNaturalist.org. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

Summary:
A bright yellow angelfish, with a bluish or whitish ring around the eye, a blue blotch on the rear margin of the gill cover, preopercular spine blue, and a blue margin on the dorsal, anal and caudal fins. Juveniles have a large blue-edged black ocellus on the side.
Video of Lemonpeel Angelfish in an aquarium (called Centropyge cocosensis in the video).
Video showing the hand collection of Lemonpeel Angelfish at Holmes Reef in the Coral Sea.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Centropyge flavissima in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jun 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/640

Lemonpeel Angelfish, Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831)

More Info


Distribution

Recorded in the Australian region from the northern Great Barrier Reef and reefs in the Coral Sea, south to Moreton Bay, Queensland, and the Solitary Islands, New South Wales; also at Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean, and Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical East-Indo-west-central Pacific. 


Inhabits coral rich areas in lagoons and on seaward reefs, usually in shallow water above 20 m.

Features

Dorsal fin XIV-XV 15-16: Anal fin II, 16; Lateral scale rows 44-50.

Feeding

Feeds mostly on filamentous algae.

Biology

Usually seen in small haremic groups of a single male and several females. The Lemonpeel Angelfish can also change sex from male to female. The species also hybridises with Centropyge eibli and C. vrolikii, and are mimicked by juvenile Acanthurus pyroferus.

Species Citation

Holacanthus flavissimus Cuvier, 1831, Hist. Nat. Poiss: 197. Type locality: Uléa, Caroline Islands.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Lemonpeel Angelfish, Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier 1831)

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R. & Allen, M. 1998. A Guide to Angelfishes & Butterflyfishes. Cairns : Odyssey Publishing/Tropical Reef Research 250 pp. figs.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.

Coles, S.L., R.C. DeFelice & L.G. Edlredge. 1999. Nonindigenous marine species introduction in the harbours of the south and west shores of Oahu, Hawaii.  Bishop Museum Technical Report No. 15.

Cuvier, G.L. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1831. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 7 531 pp. pls 170-208.

De Vis, C.W. 1884. New fishes in the Queensland Museum. No. 2. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 9(3): 453-462 (p. 457, as Holacanthus sphynx)

DiBattista JD, Gaither MR, Hobbs JA, Rocha LA, Bowen BW. 2016 Angelfishes, paper tigers, and the devilish taxonomy of the Centropyge flavissima complex. Journal of Heredity 107(7): 647-653. DOI: 10.1093/jhered/esw062 Abstract

Eldredge, L.G., 1994. Marine fishes. p. 65-70. In L.G. Eldredge. Perspectives in aquatic exotic species management in the Pacific Islands. Vol. 1. Introductions of commercially significant aquatic organisms to the Pacific Islands. South Pacific Commission, New Caledonia.

Hobbs, J-PA. 2010. Poleward range expansion of a tropical coral reef fish (Centropyge flavissima) to Lord Howe Island, Australia. Marine Biodiversity Records 3: e118.

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S .J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands: new records, community composition and biogeographic significance. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 203–219

Hobbs, J-P.A., van Herwerden, L., Jerry, D.R., Jones, G.P. & Munday, P.L. 2013. High genetic diversity in geographically remote populations of endemic and widespread coral reef angelfishes (genus: Centropyge). Diversity 5: 39-50. doi:10.3390/d5010039

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Kuiter, R.H., Debelius, H. & Tanaka, H. 2003. Pomacanthidae, a Comprehensive Guide to Angelfishes. Melbourne : Zoonetics 206 pp.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls.

Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. A field guide for divers and aquarists. Coral Graphics, Davie, FL.

Pyle, R. 2001. Chaetodontidae, Pomacanthidae. pp. 3224-3286 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Pyle, R.L. & J.E. Randall. 1994. A review of hybridization in marine angelfishes (Perciformes: Pomacanthidae).  Environmental Biology of Fishes 41: 127-145.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & J.E. Randall. 1974. Two new species of angelfishes (Centropyge) from the Cocos-Keeling Islands Islands.  Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia 126: 105-113.

Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and Angelfishes of the World. Australia. Sydney : A.H. & A.W. Reed Vol. 1 144 pp.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37365026

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:3-35 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:14 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map