Blue-eye Trevalla, Hyperoglyphe antarctica (Carmichael 1818)


Other Names: Antarctic Butterfish, Big Eye, Big-eye Trevalla, Blue Eye, Blue-eye, Blue-eye Cod, Bluenose, Blue-nose, Bluenose Bass, Bluenose Warehou, Bream Trevalla, Deep Sea Trevalla, Deepsea Trevalla, Deep-sea Trevalla, Griffin's Silverfish, Sea Trevally, Stoney-eye, Trevalla

A Blue-eye Trevalla, Hyperoglyphe antarctica, from a seamount in the Tasman Sea, May 2003. Source: Robin McPhee / NORFANZ Founding Parties. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
A large bluish-grey fish fading to grey on the belly, with dark metallic grey fins, and large, deep blue eyes with a gold margin.

Video on CSIRO research into Blue-eye Trevalla

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Hyperoglyphe antarctica in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/743

Blue-eye Trevalla, Hyperoglyphe antarctica (Carmichael 1818)

More Info


Distribution

Inhabits continental slope waters of southern and eastern Australia, and seamounts ridges and rises in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species is circumglobal in Southern Hemisphere waters. 
Adults are benthopelagic over deep reefs and rises on the continental slope, occurring near the bottom during the day, and moving up into the water column to feed at night. Juveniles inhabit  near-surface waters for the first two years of their life (to about 47 cm FL), sometimes around floating debris.

Features

Dorsal fin VII-IX, 18-21; Anal fin 13-16. 
Body wide, deep. Two dorsal fins, first low with stout spines, barely separated from taller second soft dorsal; middle spines of first dorsal fin longest. Nape scaleless except for small oval patch of scales on each side above and behind eye. Lateral line arched just behind head then curving downwards to midline of body at about middle of anal fin.

Biology

Females mature at 11-12 years of age, and males mature at 8-9 years of age. This relatively long-lived species is estimated to live to a maximum age of 76 years.
Spawning occurs in summer and autumn, with adults aggregating to spawn in shallower waters from central New South Wales to north-eastern Tasmania. Spawning occurs from March to April in Tasmania and April to June in New South Wales. 
Females produce 2-11 million eggs per spawning season, releasing them in several batches.

Fisheries

This deep-water species is considered to be commercially and recreationally important, and is considered excellent eating. 

Conservation

Blue-eye Trevalla are taken by bottom trawl and by longlining. They are vulnerable to fishing pressure as they are long lived, are late to mature, and form schooling and spawning aggregations, making them easier to catch than solitary species.

Species Citation

Perca antarctica Carmichael 1818, Trans. Linnean Soc. Lond. 12(29): 501. Type locality: Tristan da Cunha.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Blue-eye Trevalla, Hyperoglyphe antarctica (Carmichael 1818)

References


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Bolch, C.J., Last, P.R., Elliott, N.G., Ward, R.D. & Rowling, K. 1993. Two blue-eyes? Australian Fisheries 52(4): 24-25. 

Bolch, C.J.S. , Ward, R.D. & Last, P.R. 1994. Biochemical systematics of the marine fish family Centrolophidae (Teleostei: Stromateoidei) from Australian waters. Marine and Freshwater Research 45: 1157-1172.  https://doi.org/10.1071/MF9941157 Abstract

Carmichael, D. 1818. Description of four species of fish found on the coast of Tristan da Cunha. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 12(29): 500-513 pls 24-27 

Duffy, C.A.J., Stewart, A.L. & Yarrall, R. 2000. First record of pre-settlement juvenile bluenose, Hyperoglyphe antarctica, from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 34: 353-358.

Fay, G., Punt, A.E. & Smith, D.C. 2011. Impacts of spatial uncertainty on performance of age structure-based harvest strategies for blue eye trevalla (Hyperoglyphe antarctica). Fisheries Research 110(3): 391-407, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2011.04.015 Abstract

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Sphyraenidae to Centrolophidae. pp. 774-800 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Griffin, L.T. 1928. Studies in New Zealand fishes. Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 59: 374-388 figs 1-10 (as Seriolella amplus)

Günther, A. 1859. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Gasterosteidae, Berycidae, Percidae, Aphredoderidae, Pristipomatidae, Mullidae, Sparidae. London : British Museum Vol. 1 524 pp. 

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Horn, P.L., Neil, H.L., Paul, L.J. & Marriott, P. 2010. Age validation and growth of bluenose Hyperoglyphe antarctica using the bomb chronometer method of radiocarbon ageing. Journal of Fish Biology 77: 1552-1563. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2010.02787.x Abstract

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Jones, G.K. 1988. The biological status of the deepsea trevalla (Hyperoglyphe antarctica) offshore line fishery in South Australian waters. Discussion paper, South Australian Department of Fisheries, 15 pp.

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Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37445001

Depth:200-900 m

Fishing:Commercial & recreational fish

Habitat:Benthopelagic

Max Size:140 cm TL; 50 kg

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map