Found in Australia's Antarctic and Subantarctic zone.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Icefishes, NOTOTHENIIDAE in Fishes of Australia, accessed 23 May 2024,


Eastman, J. (2004). The nature of the diversity of Antarctic fishes. Polar Biology 28(2), 93-107 DOI: 10.1007/s00300-004-0667-4

Near, T., Dornburg, A., Kuhn, K., Eastman, J., Pennington, J., Patarnello, T., Zane, L., Fernandez, D., & Jones, C. (2012). Ancient climate change, antifreeze, and the evolutionary diversification of Antarctic fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1115169109