Genus Austrolabrus


A monotypic genus restricted to southern Australia with the following characteristics. 

Body moderately deep; upper jaw not reaching as far as eye; teeth caniniform, anterior pair in both jaws enlarged, upper jaw with enlarged curved canine at rear.

Scales moderately large, absent from head except on cheek and opercle; lateral-line abruptly curved downwards beneath last spines of dorsal fin.

Caudal fin truncate; pectoral fins rounded; ventral fins short, not reaching near anus.

Author: Barry C. Russell & Martin F. Gomon

Cite this page as:
Barry C. Russell & Martin F. Gomon, Austrolabrus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Jun 2024,


Hanel, R., Westneat, M.W., & Sturmbauer, C. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships, evolution of broodcare behavior, and geographic speciation in the wrasse Tribe Labrini. Journal of Molecular Evolution 55: 776-789.

Mabuchi, K., Nakabo, T. & Nishida, M. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of the antitropical genus Pseudolabrus (Perciformes: Labridae): evidence for a Southern Hemisphere origin. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 375-382.

Russell, B.C. 1988. Revision of the labrid fish genus Pseudolabrus and allied genera. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 9: 1-72

Russell, B.C. & Gomon, M.F. 2008. Family Labridae. pp. 638-659 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Steindachner, F. 1884. Ichthyologische Beitr├Ąge (13)1. Beitr├Ąge zur Kenntniss der Fische Australiens. Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 88(1): 1065-1108, figs 1-8 [dated 1883]