Southern Peacock Sole, Pardachirus hedleyi Ogilby 1916

Other Names: Peacock Sole, Rauther's Sole

A Southern Peacock Sole, Pardachirus hedleyi, at Port Kembla, New South Wales, June 2005. Source: Sascha Schultz / License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A brownish sole with dark-edged white blotches and scattered darker blotches on the upper side. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Pardachirus hedleyi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 02 Mar 2024,

Southern Peacock Sole, Pardachirus hedleyi Ogilby 1916

More Info


Endemic to eastern Australia, from Townsville, Queensland, to Tathra, New South Wales. Usually inhabits clear sandy areas in sheltered coastal waters.


Body covered in small ctenoid scales; eyes positioned close together on right side of body, lower eye positioned immediately behind the mouth; nostrils on ocular side  positioned at the end of a long tube; a fringe of filaments on the snout.


Toxin glands are visible as pores along the bases of the dorsal and anal fins.


Ogilby named the species hedleyi "... after my friend Charles Hedley, the premier conchologist of Australia".

Species Citation

Pardachirus hedleyi Ogilby 1916, Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 5: 144, pl. 17. Type locality: Port Jackson, New South Wales, and Moreton Bay, Queensland.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Southern Peacock Sole, Pardachirus hedleyi Ogilby 1916


Clark, E. & George, A. 1979. Toxic soles, Pardachirus marmoratus from the Red Sea and P. pavoninus from Japan, with notes on other species. Environmental Biology of Fishes 4( 2): 103-123.

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. 437 pp.

Munroe, T.A. 2001. Soleidae, Cynoglossidae. pp. 3878-3901 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Ogilby, J.D. 1916. Edible fishes of Queensland. Parts 4–9. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 5: 127-177 pls 14-23 Ref. at BHL

Randall, J.E. & Johnson, J.W. 2007. Revision of the soleid fish genus Pardachirus. Indo-Pacific Fishes 39: 1-22 

Thomson, J.M. 1978. A Field Guide to the Common Sea & Estuary Fishes of Non-tropical Australia. Sydney : Collins 144 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37462029

Depth:0-41 m

Habitat:Sandy areas

Max Size:15 cm TL

Max Size:Endemic

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