Long Green Wrasse, Pseudojuloides elongatus Ayling & Russell 1977

Other Names: Elongate Green Wrasse, Elongate Wrasse, Green Wrasse

A male Long Green Wrasse, Pseudojuloides elongatus, from Sydney Harbour, New South Wales. Source: Rudie H. Kuiter / Aquatic Photographics. License: All rights reserved

A pinkish orange to olivaceus wrasse, sometimes with up to 4 rows of metallic blue spots along the upper body in males.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Pseudojuloides elongatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 01 Mar 2021,

Long Green Wrasse, Pseudojuloides elongatus Ayling & Russell 1977

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Moreton Bay region, Queensland, to Montague Island, New South Wales; also Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island in the Tasman Sea. The species occurs elsewhere in northeastern New Zealand (Cape Reinga to Poor Knights Islands and the Kermadecs). 
Inhabits sandy areas near kelp and macroalgal beds.


A protogynous hermaphrodite, with females capable of changing sex to become male during their life cycle. Usually seen in groups with a dominant male and several females.

Similar Species

Differs from other species of Pseudojuloides in having the following combination of characters: no median predorsal scales; a large canine tooth at corner of mouth; body of males primarily olive-green, upper body with 0-4 rows of metallic blue spots, not overlain in black; females unmarked, olivaceous overall.


The species is named elongatus in reference to the elongate body form.

Species Citation

Pseudojuloides elongatus Ayling & Russell, 1977, Aust. Zool. 19(2): 174, figs 4-6, 8-10.Type data: Holotype NMNZ P.6153, Poor Knights Islands, New Zealand. 


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Long Green Wrasse, Pseudojuloides elongatus Ayling & Russell 1977


Ayling, A.M. & Russell, B.C. 1977. The labrid fish genus Pseudojuloides with description of a new species. The Australian Zoologist 19(2): 169-178  See ref at BHL (paratypes from Western Australia and Japan represent Pseudojuloides crux and P. paradiseus)

Francis, M.P. 2001. Coastal Fishes of New Zealand - an Identification Guide. Reed Publishing Ltd., Auckland, New Zealand.

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170

Francis, M.P. 2019. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. figshare. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4428305.v2

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy and rainbow wrasses and their relatives – a comprehensive guide to selected labrids. TMC Publishing, Chorleywood, UK.

Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics, 398 pp.

Kuiter, R. & Kuiter, S. 2018. Coastal sea-fishes of south-eastern Australia. Seaford, Victoria : Aquatic Photographics, 371 pp.

Randall, J.E. & Randall, H.A. 1981. A revision of the labrid fish genus Pseudojuloides, with descriptions of five new species. Pacific Science 35(1): 51-74. 

Russell, B. 2010. Pseudojuloides elongatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187480A8547393. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T187480A8547393.en. Downloaded on 12 October 2020.

Tea, Y.-K., Gill, A.C. & Senou, H. 2020. Two new species of Pseudojuloides from Western Australia and Southern Japan, with a redescription of Pseudojuloides elongatus (Teleostei: Labridae). Copeia 108(3): 551-569 https://doi.org/10.1643/CI-19-316

Victor, B.C. & Edward, J.M.B. 2015. Pseudojuloides zeus, a new deep-reef wrasse (Perciformes: Labridae) from Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 15: 41-52. PDF open access

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37384148


Conservation:IUCN Data Deficient

Depth:2-25 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:14 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map