Large-eye Pygmygoby, Trimma macrophthalmus (Tomiyama 1936)

Other Names: Bigeye Dwarf Goby, Flame Goby, Large-eye Pygmy Goby, Large-eyed Dwarfgoby

A Large-eye Pygmygoby, Trimma macrophthalmus, at Lomaiviti, Fiji, November 2016. Source: Mark Rosenstein / License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike


A greyish goby with dense red to orange spots on the head and body, a pair of large red spots on the pectoral-fin base, and faint yellow spotting on the drosal, anal and caudal fins.

Some authors refer to this species as Trimma macrophthalmum.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Trimma macrophthalmus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jul 2024,

Large-eye Pygmygoby, Trimma macrophthalmus (Tomiyama 1936)

More Info


Hibernia Reef, Western Australia, to Cartier Reef, Timor Sea, the northern Great Barrier Reef to at least One Tree Island, Queensland, and reefs in the Coral Sea; also Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere the species is widespread in east-Indo-west Pacific.


Dorsal fin VI + I, 9; Anal fin 8-9: Pectoral fin 17-18;  Longitudinal scale series 26-27; Transverse scales 7-8. 
Body depth 3.9-4.2 in TL; first dorsal fin with second spine longest; rays of 2nd dorsal nearly equal; anal fin similar to 2nd dorsal; pectoral fin reaches to vertical of anus; pelvic fins lacking frenum but connected to basal membrane; Body with ctenoid scales except ventral midline and pectoral base with cycloid scales; predorsal scales absent; cheek and opercle without scales.

Similar Species

The very similar Trimma okinawae has no large red spots on the pectoral-fin base and lacks predorsal scales.


The specific name macropthalmus isfrom the Greek makros (large) and ophthalmos (eye), presumably in reference to the large eye of this species.

Species Citation

Eviota macrophthalmus Tomiyama 1936 Japan. J. Zool. 7(1): 47, fig. 6.  Type data: Holotype ZIUT 30331 (apparently lost M. Hiyashi, in litt.), Hatizyo-zima, Idu-siti-to, Japan.


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Large-eye Pygmygoby, Trimma macrophthalmus (Tomiyama 1936)


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21 

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island Natural History Association, Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, 6798, Australia. 197 p.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. 

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202 

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S .J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands: new records, community composition and biogeographic significance. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 203–219 

Hoese, D.F. 1986. Family No. 240: Gobiidae. pp. 774-807 figs in Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds) Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Motomura, H., Dewa, S., Furuta, K. & Matsuura, K. (eds) 2013. Fishes of Iou-jima and Take-shima Islands, Mishima, Kagoshima. Kagoshima : The Kagoshima University Museum 390 pp. 

Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. A comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Guam : Coral Graphics vi 330 pp. 192 pls. 

Shao, K.-T. & Chen, I.-S. 1993. Seven new records of gobiid fishes from Taiwan. Bull. Inst. Zool. Academia Sinica 32(4): 229-235.
Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds) 1986. Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls.

Tomiyama, I. 1936. 5. Gobiidae of Japan. Japanese Journal of Zoology 7(1): 37-112 figs 1-44 

Winterbottom, R. 1984. A review of the gobiid fish genus Trimma from the Chagos Archipelago, central Indian Ocean, with description of seven new species. Canadian Journal of Zoology 62: 695-715. 

Winterbottom, R. & Hoese, D.F. 2015. A revision of the Australian species of Trimma (Actinopterygii, Gobiidae), with descriptions of six new species and redescriptions of twenty-three valid species. Zootaxa 3934: 1-102.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37428268

Depth:5-35 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:2.7 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map