Spotted Bigeye, Priacanthus macracanthus Cuvier 1829

Other Names: Bigeye, Brownspot Bigeye, Bullseye Perch, Large-spined Big-eye, Red Bigeye, Red Bullseye, Spotted Big-eye, Spotted-fin Glasseye

A Spotted Bigeye, Priacanthus macracanthus, in Clifton Gardens, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales. Source: John Turnbull / Flickr. License: CC BY Attribution-NonCommercial

A silvery to bright red bigeye with brownish to yellowish-brown spots on the dorsal, anal and pelvic fins. Individuals often have a blotchy pattern. The body of the Spotted Bigeye tapers slightly below the middle of the soft dorsal fin, then tapers abruptly to the caudal peduncle.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Priacanthus macracanthus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 May 2024,

Spotted Bigeye, Priacanthus macracanthus Cuvier 1829

More Info


Widespread in Australia from Cape Cuvier, Western Australia (including off shore reefs), and Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Timor Sea, around the north and east coasts to Lakes Entrance, Victoria; also at Middleton Reef in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere, the species occurs in the tropical and subtropical east-Indo-west Pacific: Andaman Sea and Arafura Sea east to the Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia.

Inhabits inshore and offshore reefs, sheltering beneath ledges, around coral heads and aggregating over open areas in depths of 12-400 m. 


Dorsal fin X, 12-14; Anal fin III, 13-14.


Feeds on crustaceans and bony fishes.


Fished commercially and recreationally in parts of its range.

Similar Species

Differs from the similarDeepsea Bigeye, Priacanthus fitchi, in having a slightly deeper body posteriorly, and brown to yellowish-brown spots on the membranes of the dorsal and anal fins.

Species Citation

Priacanthus macracanthus Cuvier, in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons Vol. 3: 108. Type locality: Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia (as Amboina).


Bray, D.J. 2019


Atlas of Living Australia

Spotted Bigeye, Priacanthus macracanthus Cuvier 1829


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Starnes, W.C. 1999. Family Priacanthidae. pp. 2590-2601 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 2069-2790 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37326001

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:15-400 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:36 cm

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CAAB distribution map