Southern Pygmy Blindfish, Dactylosurculus gomoni Schwarzhans & Møller 2007

Other Names: Blindfish

A Southern Pygmy Blindfish, Dactylosurculus gomoni, from Portsea, Port Phillip, Victoria. Source: Rudie H. Kuiter / Aquatic Photographics. License: All rights reserved

This very secretive orange to brownish blindfish hides under ledges and in crevices on shallow rocky reefs.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Dactylosurculus gomoni in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Apr 2024,

Southern Pygmy Blindfish, Dactylosurculus gomoni Schwarzhans & Møller 2007

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Endemic to southern Australia from Port Phillip, Victoria, to off Esperance, Western Australia. Inhabits rocky reefs, sheltering in crevices and beneath ledges.


Dorsal fin 97–106; Anal fin 70–78; Caudal fin 14; Pectoral fin 24; Pelvic fin 1; Vertebrae 13 + 34–36 = 47–49; Gill rakers 11–13.
Body depth 16–20% SL; head length 23–27% SL; eye diameter 9–10% HL; upper jaw with row of small teeth, lower with row of slightly larger depressible canines; lips and chin sculptured with complex flaps and pores; anterior nostril just above upper lip; head with small sensory papillae and several tubular pores, including one above and behind eye, another immediately below and in front of eye, prominent pore dorsally on opercle and 4th near top of concealed preopercular edge. 
Scales in about 120 oblique rows on side, present on cheeks; pelvic-fin origin below posterior edge of preopercle, reaching half way to anus.


The species is named in honour Martin F. Gomon, senior curator of fishes, Museum of Victoria (Melbourne), for his many contributions to the knowledge of the fishes of Australia.

Species Citation

Dactylosurculus gomoni Schwarzhans & Møller 2007, The Beagle 23: 49, figs. 11-12. Type locality: Off Cocklebiddy, 32°16'S, 126°02'E, Great Australian Bight, Western Australia, depth 2-3 m.


Bray, D.J. 2022


Atlas of Living Australia

Southern Pygmy Blindfish, Dactylosurculus gomoni Schwarzhans & Møller 2007


Gomon, M.F. 1994. Families Ophidiidae, Bythitidae, Carapidae. pp. 365-375 figs 326-335 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. (as Ogilbia sp.)

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Family Bythitidae. pp. 356-359 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen 437 pp. (as Ogilbia sp.)

Møller, P.R., Knudsen, W., Schwarzhans, W. & Nielsen, J.G. 2016. A new classification of viviparous brotulas (Bythitidae) – with family status for Dinematichthyidae – based on molecular, morphological and fossil data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 100: 391-408.

Schwarzhans, W. & Møller, P.R. 2007. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei: Bythitidae) of the Indo-west Pacific. Part III. Beaglichthys, Brosmolus, Monothrix and eight new genera with description of 20 new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 23: 29-110. See ref at BHL

Williams, A. 2020. Dactylosurculus gomoni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T135446863A137379611. Downloaded on 21 September 2021.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37228046

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:2-10 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:7.5 cm SL


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