Plain Maskray, Neotrygon annotata (Last 1987)

Other Names: Brown Stingray

Plain Maskray, Neotrygon annotata. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A greyish-green maskray, becoming pinkish towards the disc margins, with a dark mask-like marking around the eyes, a pair of small dark blotches behind the spiracles, and alternating black and white variable bands and a black tip on the tail.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Neotrygon annotata in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Jun 2024,

Plain Maskray, Neotrygon annotata (Last 1987)

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Endemic to northern Australia from the Bonaparte Archipelago, WA to Wellesley Islands QLD. Inhabits soft bottom substrates in depths of 12-62 m.


Taken as incidental by-catch in commercial bottom trawls.

Species Citation

Dasyatis annotatus Last, 1987, Mem. Mus. Vict. 48(1): 57, fig. 1. Type locality: Northwest Shelf, WA. 


Dianne J. Bray

Plain Maskray, Neotrygon annotata (Last 1987)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. (as Dasyatis annotata)

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. (as Dasyatis sp. 1)

Jacobsen, I.P. & Bennett, M.B. 2010. Age and growth of Neotrygon picta, Neotrygon annotata and Neotrygon kuhlii from north-east Australia, with notes on their reproductive biology. Journal of Fish Biology 77: 2405–2422.

Jacobsen, I.P. & Bennett, M.B. 2012. Feeding ecology and dietary comparisons among three sympatric Neotrygon (Myliobatoidei: Dasyatidae) species. Journal of Fish Biology 80: 1-15 [doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2011.03169.x]

Last, P.R. & Compagno, L.J.V. 1999. Family Dasyatidae. pp. 1479-1505 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068. (as Dasyatis annotata)

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Canberra : CSIRO Australia 513 pp. 84 pls. (as Dasyatis annotata)

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing Australia 2, 550 pp.

Last, P.R. & Kyne, P.M. 2006. Neotrygon annotata. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. . Downloaded on 18 May 2014.

Last, P.R. & White, W.T. 2008. Resurrection of the genus Neotrygon Castelnau (Myliobatoidei: Dasyatidae) with the description of Neotrygon picta sp. nov., a new species from northern Australia. 315-326 in Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds). Descriptions of new Australian chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022: 1-358

Puckridge, M., Last, P.R.,White, W.T. & Andreakis, N. 2013. Phylogeography of the Indo-West Pacific maskrays (Dasyatidae, Neotrygon): a complex example of chondrichthyan radiation in the Cenozoic. Ecology and Evolution 3(2): 217–232. doi:10.1002/ece3.448. PDF

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1985. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls.

Stobutzki, I.C., Miller, M.J., Heales, D.S. & Brewer, D.T. 2002. Sustainability of elasmobranches caught as bycatch in a tropical prawn (shrimp) trawl fishery. Fishery Bulletin 100: 800-821. (as Amphotistius sp. 1)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37035012

Conservation:IUCN Near Threatened

Danger:Venomous spines on tail

Depth:12-62 m

Habitat:Soft bottoms

Max Size:24 cm DW; 45 cm TL


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