Earmuff Wrasse, Halichoeres melasmapomus Randall 1981


Other Names: Black-eared Wrasse, Cheekspot Wrasse, Ocellated Wrasse

A female Earmuff Wrasse, Halichoeres melasmapomus, at Marovo Island, Solomon Islands, November 2014. Source: Mark Rosenstein / iNaturalist.org. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
A distinctive wrasse with a large pale-edged black spot on the gill cover. Males (terminal phase) are lavender with a darker marking on each scale, a large blue-edged black spot behind the eye, yellow-orange bands on the head, and a red caudal fin. Females (initial phase) are similar with 2-3 pale-edged black spots along the dorsal fin, and a large pale-edged black spot on the caudal fin.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Halichoeres melasmapomus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 30 Jan 2020, http://136.154.202.208/Home/species/2293

Earmuff Wrasse, Halichoeres melasmapomus Randall 1981

More Info


Distribution

Rowley Shoals, Western Australia, the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, and reefs in the Coral Sea; also at Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere, the species occurs in the east-Indo-west Pacific.
Inhabits rubble and mixed coral/rubble patches along steep drop-offs.

Features

Dorsal fin IX, 12; Anal fin III, 12; Pectoral fin 13; Lateral line scales 27; Vertebrae 25. Anterior lateral line scales with 2-7 pores, more in larger adults; 9-13 suborbital pores. Pelvic fins reaching or nearly reaching anus in large adults.

Species Citation

Halichoeres melasmapomus Randall 1981, Pacific Science 34(4): 421, figs 3-4. Type locality: Pitcairn Island. 

Author

Dianne J. Bray

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Earmuff Wrasse, Halichoeres melasmapomus Randall 1981

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1979. The Fishes of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Aust. Natl. Parks Wldlf. Ser. Spec. Publ. 2. Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service 81 pp. 15 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 197 pp.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy & Rainbow Wrasses and their Relatives. Chorleywood, U.K. : TMC Publishing 207 pp.

Randall, J.E. 1981. Two new Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Halichoeres with notes on other species of the genus. Pacific Science 34(4): 415-432 figs 1-16

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37384116

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:10-56 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:14 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map