Chameleon Parrotfish, Scarus chameleon Choat & Randall 1986

A Chameleon Parrotfish, Scarus chameleon, at North Stradbroke Island, Queensland. Source: Rick Stuart-Smith / Reef Life Survey. License: CC by Attribution

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J., Scarus chameleon in Fishes of Australia, accessed 25 May 2024,

Chameleon Parrotfish, Scarus chameleon Choat & Randall 1986

More Info


Males are usually solitary, while females may form mixed feeding schools. 


Bray, D.J.

Chameleon Parrotfish, Scarus chameleon Choat & Randall 1986


Bellwood, D.R. 1988. Ontogenetic changes in the diet of early post-settlement Scarus species (Pisces: Scaridae). Journal of Fish Biology 33:  213-219.

Bellwood, D.R. & Choat, J.H. 1989. A description of the juvenile phase colour patterns of 24 parrotfish species (Family Scaridae) from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia, Records of the Australian Museum 41: 1-41.

Bellwood, D.R. & Choat, J.H. 1990. A functional analysis of grazing in parrotfishes (family Scaridae): the ecological implications. Environmental Biology of Fishes 28:  189-214.

Choat, J.H., O.S. Klanten, L. van Herwerden, D.R. Robertson & K.D. Clements. (2012). Patterns and processes in the evolutionary history of parrotfishes (Family Labridae)., Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 107: 529-557.

Choat, J.H. & Randall, J.E. (1985). A review of the parrotfishes (family Scaridae) of the Great Barrier Reef of Australia with description of a new species, Records of the Australian Museum, 38(4): 175-239.

Choat, J.H., Russell, B., Clements, K.D., Rocha, L.A., Myers, R., Lazuardi, M.E., Muljadi, A., Pardede, S. & Rahardjo, P. 2012. Scarus chameleon. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T190707A17797851. Downloaded on 06 December 2016.

Gust, N. (2000). Multi-scale variability in the demographics and life histories of scarid fishes on the northern Great Barrier Reef, Ph.D. thesis, James Cook University, Townsville.

Gust, N. (2002). Scarid biomass on the northern Great Barrier Reef: the influence of exposure, depth and substrata, Environmental Biology of Fishes, 64: 353-366.

Gust, N., J.H. Choat and M.I. McCormick. (2001). Spatial variability in reef fish distribution, abundance, size and biomass: a multi-scale analysis, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 214: 237-251.

Smith, L.L., J.L. Fessler, M.E. Alfaro, J.T. Streelman and M.W. Westneat   (2008).  Phylogenetic relationships and the evolution of regulatory gene sequences in the parrotfishes, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 49:  136-152.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37386012

Biology:Able to change sex

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1-35 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:31 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map