Bighead Boxfish, Acanthostracion bucephalus Whitley 1965


Holotype of the Bighead Boxfish, Acanthostracion bucephalus (possibly a junior synonym of Acanthostracion quadricornis), from off Cooktown Queensland - AMS IB.6355. Source: Mark Allen / Australian Museum. License: CC BY Attribution

Summary:
A boxfish (cowfish) usually found in the tropical Atlantic. The only known specimen (dried) found in Australian waters was described by Whitley (1965) as Acanthostracion bucephalus. Matsuura (2014) considers A. bucephalus to be a synonym of A. quadricornis, and suggests that: "The record of A. quadricornis from Australia may suggest that the specimen was transferred by ballast water from a ship or released from an aquarium."

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Acanthostracion bucephalus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 07 Jul 2022, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/2471

Bighead Boxfish, Acanthostracion bucephalus Whitley 1965

More Info


Distribution

Cooktown district, Queensland; tropical Atlantic, south-eastern coast of Africa and also reported from Sumatra and the Philippines.

Features



Colour


Remarks


Etymology

Whitley 1965 described Acanthostracion bucephalus based on a dried specimen from Cooktown, Queensland. Matsuura (2014) considers A. bucephalus to be a synonym of A. quadricornis which is common in the western Atlantic, with strays recorded from waters off South Africa (Tyler 1965). Matsuura (2014) states: "The record of A. quadricornis from Australia may suggest that the specimen was transferred by ballast water from a ship or released from an aquarium."

Species Citation

Acanthostracion bucephalus Whitley, 1965, Aust. Zool. 13(2): 119. Type locality: Cooktown District, QLD.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2017

Bighead Boxfish, Acanthostracion bucephalus Whitley 1965

References


Matsuura, K. 2014. Taxonomy and systematics of tetraodontiform fishes: a review focusing primarily on progress in the period from 1980 to 2014. Ichthyological Research DOI 10.1007/s10228-014-0444-5

Tyler JC (1965) A synopsis of the four species of cowfishes (Acanthostracion, Plectognathi) in the Atlantic Ocean. Proc Acad Nat Sci Philad 117: 8261–8287.

Whitley, G.P. 1965. Illustrations and records of fishes. The Australian Zoologist 13(2): 103-120 figs 1-13

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37466024

Depth:0-200 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Seagrass beds

Max Size:55 cm TL

Native:Possibly introduced

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