School Mackerel, Scomberomorus queenslandicus Munro 1943

Other Names: Blotched Mackerel, Doggie, Doggie Mackerel, Queensland Mackerel, Queensland School Mackerel, School Spanish-mackerel, Shiny Mackerel, Snook

School Mackerel, Scomberomorus queenslandicus. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial


This popular recreational species is considered to be an excellent table fish.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray & S. Schultz, Scomberomorus queenslandicus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jun 2024,

School Mackerel, Scomberomorus queenslandicus Munro 1943

More Info


Known only from tropical and subtropical waters of northern Australia and southern Papua New Guinea; found in Australian waters from Shark Bay (WA) to Sydney (NSW). An epipelagic, neritic schooling species that follows their baitfish prey into bays and estuaries during the austral winter and spring.


Meristic features:
Dorsal-fin rays: XVI-XVIII, 17-19 + 9-11 finlets
Anal-fin rays: 16-20 + 9-11 finlets
Pectoral-fin rays: 21-23
Vertebrae: 48-49
Gill rakers: 3-9

Body elongate and strongly compressed. Both jaws with a single series of 5-38 sharp triangular teeth. Body covered in small scales, no anterior corselet present. Single lateral line gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. Caudal peduncle with well-developed keel, flanked on each side by a smaller keel. Swimbladder absent.


To at least 100 cm and 8 kg.


Dark bluish-green above, sides silvery with about three indefinite rows of greyish-bronze blotches (absent in juveniles less than 95 mm); membrane of first dorsal fin black, with white patch between sixth and last dorsal spine. Second dorsal fin, dorsal finlets, pectoral fins and caudal fin grey; pelvic fins, anal fin and anal finlets white.


Feeds predominantly on baitfishes such as clupeoids and anchovies. During the larval stage this species feeds on other larval fishes and invertebrates.


Females attain maturity between 401 and 450 mm, males between 351 and 400 mm (fork lengths). In Queensland waters, spawning occurs between October and January.


Although not targetted commercially, this species is taken as bycatch in the Spanish Mackerel fishery.


  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Least COncern
  • Etymology

    The specific name queenslandicus refers to the type locality.

    Species Citation

    Scomberomorus (Cybium) queenslandicus Munro 1943, Mem. Queensl. Mus. 12(2): 82, Pls. 7 (fig. B), 8 (fig. 1). Tyep locality: Cape Cleveland, northern Queensland, Australia.


    Dianne J. Bray & S. Schultz

    School Mackerel, Scomberomorus queenslandicus Munro 1943


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    Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

    Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

    Anonymous. 2006. East coast Spanish Mackerel Fishery. The State of Queensland, Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries. Available online at Accessed 13-05-2008 

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    Begg, G.A. 1998. Reproductive biology of school mackerel (Scomberomorus queenslandicus) and spotted mackerel (S. munroi) in Queensland east-coast waters. Marine and Freshwater Research 49: 261-270

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    Hutchins, B. 2004. Fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 66: 343–398

    Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

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    Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

    Quick Facts

    CAAB Code:37441014

    Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

    Danger:Reports of ciguatera poisoning

    Fishing:0-200 m

    Fishing:Commercial & recreational fish


    Max Size:100 cm FL; 12.2 kg

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