Striped Barracuda, Sphyraena pinguis Günther 1874

Other Names: Brown Barracuda, Obtuse Barracuda, Pike, Red Barracuda, Sennit, Striped Sea Pike, Striped Seapike, Striped Sea-pike, Yellowtail, Yellow-tail, Yellowtail Sennit

Illustration of a Striped Barracuda, Sphyraena pinguis. Source: FAO / FishBase. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Sphyraena pinguis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Feb 2024,

Striped Barracuda, Sphyraena pinguis Günther 1874

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Albany, southwestern Western Australia, around the tropical north to about Botany Bay, New South Wales. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific.
Inhabits large estuaries and coastal bays, often forming large schools over muddy, sandy and rocky areas. Juveniles are found in shallow waters.

Species Citation

Sphyraena pinguis Günther 1874, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 4 13(74): 157. Type locality: Yantai (as Chefoo), Shantung Province, China.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Striped Barracuda, Sphyraena pinguis Günther 1874


Allan, R. 2002. Australian Fish and How to Catch Them. Sydney : New Holland Publishers (Australia) 394 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Baeck, G.W. & Huh S.-H.. 2004. Feeding habits of brown barracuda (Sphyraena pinguis, Teleostei) in the coastal waters of Gadeok-do, Korea. J. Korean Fish. Soc. 36(6): 505-510.

de Sylva, D.P. & Williams, F. 1986. Sphyraenidae. pp. 721-726 in Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds). Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls. (as Sphyraena chrysotaenia)

Doiuchi, R. & Nakabo, T. 2005. The Sphyraena obtusata group (Perciformes: Sphyraenidae) with a description of a new species from southern Japan. Ichthyological Research 52(2): 132-151.

Gomon, M.F. 1994. Family Sphyraenidae. pp. 664-667 figs 582-585 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. (as Sphyraena obtusata)

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Sphyraenidae to Centrolophidae. pp. 774-800 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Günther, A. 1874. Third notice of a collection of fishes made by Mr. Swinhoe in China. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4 13(74): 154-159. See ref at BHL

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Klunzinger, C.B. 1884. Die Fische des Rothen Meeres. Stuttgart, Pt 1 133 pp 13 pls. (described as Sphyraena chrysotaenia)

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. (as Sphyraena obtusata)

Kuiter, R.H. & Tonozuka, T. 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 3. Jawfishes - Sunfishes, Opistognathidae - Molidae. Zoonetics, Australia. pp. 623-893.

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp. (as Sphyraena chrysotaenia)

Scott, T.D., Glover, C.J.M. & Southcott, R.V. 1974. The Marine and Freshwater Fishes of South Australia. Adelaide : Government Printer 392 pp. figs. (as Sphyraenella obtusata)

Senou, H. 2001. Sphyraenidae. pp. 3685-3697 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. (as Sphyraena obtusata)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37382001

Depth:5-20 m

Habitat:Coastal, pelagic

Max Size:50 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map