Snyder's Grubfish, Parapercis snyderi Jordan & Starks 1905

Other Names: Blackfin Sandperch, Snyder's Sandperch, U-mark Sandperch, U-marked Sandperch

A Dotlined Grubfish, Parapercis lineopunctata, at Pidgin Point, Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Source: Lyle Vail / Lizard Island Field Guide License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A sandperch with 5-7 U-shaped saddles along the back, 8-10 bars along the lower side, and a large blotch on the first dorsal fin.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Parapercis snyderi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 May 2024,

Snyder's Grubfish, Parapercis snyderi Jordan & Starks 1905

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Monte Bello Islands to off the Kimberley, Western Australia, and the Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, east-Indo-West Pacific.


A monandric protogynous hermaphrodite with all individuals maturing first as female and later changing sex to become male.


The species is named in honour of ichthyologist John Otterbein Snyder, who collected type specimen with David Starr Jordan.

Species Citation

Parapercis snyderi Jordan & Starks, 1905, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 28(1391): 210, fig. 10. Type locality: Korea.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Snyder's Grubfish, Parapercis snyderi Jordan & Starks 1905


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Jordan, D.S. & Starks, E.C. 1905. On a collection of fishes made in Korea by Pierre Louis Jouy, with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 28(1391): 193-211. See ref at BHL

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. ( p. 324 as undescribed species)

Ohnishi, N., Yanagisawa, Y. & Kohda, M. 1997. Sneaking by harem masters of the sandperch, Parapercis snyderi. Environmental Biology of Fishes 50: 217-223.

Randall, J.E. 2001. Pinguipedidae. pp. 3501-3510 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Randall, J.E. 2003. Review of the sandperches of the Parapercis cylindrica complex (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae), with description of two new species from the western Pacific. Occasional Papers of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum 72: 1-19.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Walker, S.P.W., Ryen, C.A. & McCormick, M.I. 2007. Rapid larval growth predisposes sex change and sexual size dimorphism in a protogynous hermaphrodite, Parapercis snyderi Jordan and Starks, 1905. Journal of Fish Biology 71: 1347-1357

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37390018


Depth:1-66 m

Habitat:Reef associated, sandy & rubble areas

Max Size:11 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map