Dimple Lanternfish, Benthosema suborbitale (Gilbert 1913)

Other Names: Smallfin Lanternfish

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Benthosema suborbitale in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 May 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/2800

Dimple Lanternfish, Benthosema suborbitale (Gilbert 1913)

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Off far north Queensland, to off south-east Tasmania, and off Perth to off Exmouth, Western Australia. Elsewhere the species is circumglobal at temperate latitudes and is common throughout its range.
Occurs at depths of 375-750 m during the day, migrating to above 125 m at night.


The maximum recorded life span for this species is one year, and breeding is assumed to occur only once during the lifespan.

Species Citation

Myctophum suborbitale Gilbert 1913, Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum 6(2): 82. Type locality: Suruga Bay, Japan, 35°02'10"N, 138°38'E, Albatross station 5064, depth 300 fathoms.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Dimple Lanternfish, Benthosema suborbitale (Gilbert 1913)


Brandt, S.B. 1981. Effects of a warm-core eddy on fish distribution in the Tasman Sea off east Australia. Marine Ecology Progress Series 6: 19-33 figs 1-7 

Clarke, T.A. 1980. Diets of fourteen species of vertically migrating mesopelagic fishes in Hawaiian waters. Fishery Bulletin 78(3): 619-640.

Gartner, J.V. 1991. Life histories of three species of lanternfishes (Pisces: Myctophidae) from the eastern Gulf of Mexico. II. Age and growth patterns. Marine Biology 111(1): 21-27.

Gilbert, C.H. 1913. The lanternfishes of Japan. Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum 6(2): 67-107 pls 11-14 

Hulley, P. 2015. Benthosema suborbitale. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T15598524A15603660. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T15598524A15603660.en. Downloaded on 01 November 2018.

Krefft, G. & Becker, V.E. 1973. Family Myctophidae. pp. 171-198 in Hureau, J.-C. & Monod, T. (eds). Checklist of the Fishes of the North-Eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Paris : UNESCO Vol. 1 683 pp.

Paxton, J.R. & Bray, D.J. 2008. Family Myctophidae. pp. 270-294 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Paxton, J.R. & Hulley, P.A. 1999. Myctophidae. pp. 1957-1965 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068.

Robertson, D. & Clements, K.D. 2015. 89 Family Myctophidae. pp. 613-680 in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 3 pp. 577-1152.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37122024

Depth:50-750 m


Max Size:4 cm SL

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map