Banded Frogfish, Halophryne diemensis (Lesueur 1824)

Other Names: Australian Frogfish, Banded Toadfish, Bastard Stonefish, Devil-fish, Northern Frogfish, Stonefish, Wirrarook

A Banded Frogfish, Halophryne diemensis, at Cape Leveque, Western Australia. Source: Graham Edgar / Reef Life Survey. License: CC BY Attribution

A well-camouflaged mottled frogfish (aka banded toadfish) with irregular darker brown and pale bands and blotches on the body, extending onto the dorsal and anal fins, and skin with numerous tassels on the head and body. Banded Frogfish have the gill opening restricted to the upper third to one-half off the pectoral-fin base.
Video of a Banded Toadfish in the Philippines.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2016, Halophryne diemensis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 Feb 2024,

Banded Frogfish, Halophryne diemensis (Lesueur 1824)

More Info


Shark Bay, Western Australia, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, to the southern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical east-Indo-west Pacific.
Inhabits coastal reefs and estuaries including mangrove areas, often sheltering in holes and crevices.


Ambush predator - feeds on fishes and a range of benthic invertebrates including crabs, prawns, molluscs and echinoderms.


Banded Frogfish incubate the eggs in the mouth, and the young are guarded by one of the parents after hatching.


In general there are no known venomous species amongst the Australian toadfishes. Cameron & Endean (1972) found that Banded Frogfish lack a venom apparatus. However, they have huge clavate cells in their skin which may be the source of the skin secretion that reportedly kills other fishes. Reportedly, stab wounds from the spines can result to severe pain. 

Species Citation

Batrachoides diemensis Lesueur 1824, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 3(2): 402. Type locality: Northern Territory.


Bray, D.J. 2016


Australian Faunal Directory

Banded Frogfish, Halophryne diemensis (Lesueur 1824)


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Klunzinger, C.B. 1879. Die v. Müller'sche Sammlung Australischer Fische. Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Wien 16(22): 254-261 

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Richardson, J. 1843. Contributions to the ichthyology of Australia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 1 11(71): 352-359 

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Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37205002

Depth:0-106m (usually 1-20m)

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:28 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map