Lyretail Dartgoby, Ptereleotris monoptera Randall & Hoese 1985


Other Names: Lyre-tail Dart Goby, Lyre-tail Dart-goby, Lyretail Goby, Monofin Dartfish

Lyretail Dartgobies, Ptereleotris monoptera, in Cabbage Tree Bay, Manly, New South Wales, March 2019. Source: John Sear / iNaturalist.org. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

Summary:
A pale blue to yellowish dartgoby with a deeper blue on the belly, a broad dark smudge-like bar from the eye to the chin, and irregular iridesent blue markings behind the eye.
Video of Lyretail Dartgobies 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Ptereleotris monoptera in Fishes of Australia, accessed 11 Aug 2022, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/2947

Lyretail Dartgoby, Ptereleotris monoptera Randall & Hoese 1985

More Info


Distribution

North West Cape to Broome, Western Australia, and the southern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, to Montague Island, New South Wales; also Lord Howe Island  in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.
Inhabits shallow coastal reefs and outer reef lagoons, excavating burrows in sandy and rubble substrates. 

Features

Dorsal fin VII,35-39; Anal fin I,33-37; Vertebrae 26. 
A single, continuous dorsal fin with spinous part lower than soft portion. Chin with fleshy protuberance narrowing to a thin low, median fold. Scales very small, fully embedded and well separated.

Biology

Forms monogamous pairs, often in large loose aggregations.

Etymology

The specific name monoptera is from the Greek monas (=single) and pteron (= fin,  wing), in reference to the dingle continuous dorsal fin.

Species Citation

Ptereleotris monoptera Randall & Hoese 1985, Indo-Pacific Fishes 7: 24, fig. 8, pl. 3(C, D). Type locality: Kuei-Hou, Taiwan.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2022

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Lyretail Dartgoby, Ptereleotris monoptera Randall & Hoese 1985

References


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Francis, M.P. 2019. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean, Version: 2019.1, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4428305

Greenfield, D. & Munroe, T.A. 2016. Ptereleotris monoptera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T69181503A69183239. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T69181503A69183239.en. Accessed on 28 June 2022.

Hutchins, B. 2004. Fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 66: 343–398 

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. (as Ptereleotris sp.)

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Larson, H.K. 2001. Microdesmidae. Wormfishes, dart-gobies, fire gobies. pp. 3607-3608, in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E. & Hoese, D.F. 1985. A revision of the dartfishes, genus Ptereleotris (Perciformes: Gobioidei). Indo-Pacific Fishes 7: 1-36 figs 1-11 pls 1-4

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37435020

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:6-24 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:12 cm SL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map