Amberjack, Seriola dumerili (Risso 1810)

Other Names: Allied Kingfish, Greater Amberjack, Purplish Amberjack, Sailor's Choice, Samson Fish, Yellow Tail, Yellow Trevally

An Amberjack, Seriola dumerili, at North West Solitary Island, New South Wales, March 2016. Source: Ian V. Shaw / License: CC BY Attribution-NonCommercial

A large predatory jack with a brownish to bluish-grey body becoming silvery-white below, a dusky to dark stripe from the snout to just before the dorsal fin, and a dusky band from the upper jaw through the eye to the first dorsal fin. Some individuals also have a pale yellow to rusty stripe along the sides. 
Small juveniles have clear fins and a series of bands along the body that often appear divided.

Cite this page as:
Seriola dumerili in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Jul 2024,

Amberjack, Seriola dumerili (Risso 1810)

More Info


Albany to Rowley Shoals, Western Australia, and from about Noosa Heads, Queensland, to Gippsland Lakes, Victoria, and eastern Tasmania; also at Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere, the species is circumglobal in subtropical to temperate seas.

Individuals or small to moderate-sized schools are epibenthic and pelagic around reefs, deep offshore holes, drop-offs, rocky outcrops and deep seaward reefs. Individuals may also enter coastal bays, and juveniles are occasionally fond well offshore, sheltering amongst floating algae and debris. 


Carnivore - feeds on fishes and also invertebrates.


Of minor commercial importance and farmed in parts of its range.

Species Citation

Caranx dumerili Risso 1810, Ichthyol. Nice: 175, pl. 6(20). Type locality: Nice, France.


Australian Faunal Directory

Amberjack, Seriola dumerili (Risso 1810)


AFMA 2010. Norfolk Island Inshore Fishery Data Summary 2006-2009. Australian Fisheries Management Authority, Canberra. 20 pp.

Allan, R. 2002. Australian Fish and How to Catch Them. Sydney : New Holland Publishers (Australia) 394 pp.

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & P.J. Kailola. 1984. Trawled fishes of southern Indonesia and northwestern Australia. Australian Development Assistance Bureau, Australia, Directorate General of Fishes, Indonesia, and German Agency for Technical Cooperation, Federal Republic of Germany. 407 pp.

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp.

Hamada K, Soyano K (2009) Studies on reproductive cycle and advanced spawning of Greater amberjack Seriola dumerili (special issue on the progress of seedling production of greater amberjack Seriola dumerili). Aquac Mag 46: 25–27.

Hasegawa, T., Yeh, H-M., Chen, J-R., Kuo, C-L., Kawabe, R. & Sakakura, Y. 2017. Collection and aging of greater amberjack Seriola dumerili larvae and juveniles around the Penghu Islands, Taiwan. Ichthyological Research 64: 145–150 DOI: 10.1007/s10228-016-0543-6 Open access

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6

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Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Kawabe K, Kato K, Kimura J, Okamura Y, Ando K, Saito M, Yoshida K (1996) Rearing of broodstock fish and egg-taking from amberjack Seriola dumerili in the Chichi-jima, Ogasawara Islands, southern Japan. Aquac Sci 44: 151–157.

Kawabe K, Kimura J, Ando K, Kakiuchi K (1998) Natural spawning from 2-year-old reared amberjack, Seriola dumerili in Chichijima Ogasawara Islands, southern Japan. Aquac Sci 46: 31–36. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Liu CH (2001) Early osteological development of the yellow tail Seriola dumerili (Pisces: Carangidae). Zool Stud 40: 289–298.

Masuma S, Kanematu M, Teruya K (1990) Embryonic and morphological development of larvae and juveniles of the amberjack, Seriola dumerili. Jpn J Ichthyol 37: 164–169.

Pepperell, J. 2010. Fishes of the Open Ocean a Natural History & Illustrated Guide. Sydney : University of New South Wales Press Ltd 266 pp.

Ramsay, E.P. & Ogilby, J.D. 1886. Descriptions of two new fishes from Port Jackson. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 10(4): 757-758 (p. 757, as Seriola simplex).
Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Risso, A. 1810. Ichthyologie de Nice, ou histoire naturelle des poissons du département des Alpes Maritimes. Paris : F. Schaell 388 pp. 11 pls.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 2069-2790 pp.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Pina Amargos, F., Brown, J., Curtis, M. & Williams, J.T. 2015. Seriola dumerili (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T198643A115341394. Downloaded on 16 April 2019.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Quéro, J.C. & Desoutter, M. 1990. Carangidae. pp. 729-755 in Quéro, J.-C., Hureau, J.-C., Karrer, C., Post, A. & Saldanha, L. (eds) Check-list of the Fishes of the Eastern Tropical Atlantic. Paris : UNESCO 1492 pp., 3 vols.

Stuart-Smith, J., Pecl, G., Pender, A., Tracey. S.,  Villanueva, C. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 2016. Southernmost records of two Seriola species in an Australian ocean-warming hotspot. Marine Biodiversity: 4pp. DOI: 10.1007/s12526-016-0580-4 Abstract 

Whitley, G.P. 1948. Studies in Ichthyology No. 13. Records of the Australian Museum 22(1): 70-94 figs 1-11 (p. 92, fig. 10, as Regificola parilis).

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37337025

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Danger:Reports of ciguatera poisoning

Depth:10-360 m

Fishing:Commercial, sportsfish, aquacultured

Habitat:Pelagic, reef associated

Max Size:190 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map