Whitemouth Trevally, Uraspis uraspis (Günther 1860)

Other Names: Basset-hulls Trevally, Basset-hull's Trevally, Whitemouth Jack, White-mouthed Trevally, Whitetongue Jack, White-tongued Jack

Whitemouth Trevally, Uraspis uraspis. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

A deep-bodied silvery bluish-black trevally becoming metallic brown below, with a white tongue, roof and floor of the mouth. The scaleless area on the breast extends to the pectoral-fin base, and the curved part of the lateral line is somewhat longer than the straight part that follows. Juveniles have a series of broad dark bands along the side.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Uraspis uraspis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jun 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/2999

Whitemouth Trevally, Uraspis uraspis (Günther 1860)

More Info


Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia, to off Wollongong, New South Wales. Elsewhere the species is widespread in the tropical Indo-west-central Pacific from South Africa east to the Philippines, south to Australia and north to Hawaii.


 Dorsal fin VIII + I, 25-30; Anal fin II + I, 17-22; Gill rakers 5-7 + 13-16 = 18-22; V 10+14; Curved part of lateral-line with 61-82 scales, straight part of lateral line with 26-38 scutes. 
Body ovate, somewhat deep, compressed; dorsal profile more strongly convex than ventral profile. Lower jaw projecting in adults, gill rakers very long, entering into mouth. Breast widely naked to pectoral fin base and behind insertion of pelvic fins.

Similar Species

The similar Uraspis secunda differs in having the curved part of the lateral line (with 48-66 scales) shorter than the straight part vs. the curved portion (with 61-82 scales) usually longer than the straight part in U. uraspis.

Species Citation

Caranx uraspis Günther 1860, Cat. fish. Brit. Mus. 2: 444. Type locality: Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia.


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Whitemouth Trevally, Uraspis uraspis (Günther 1860)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Bleeker, P. 1855. Zesde bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van Amboina. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 8: 391-434 (as Uraspis carangoides)

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Gunn, J.S. 1990. A revision of selected genera of the family Carangidae (Pisces) from Australian waters. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 12: 1-77 

Günther, A. 1860. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Squamipinnes, Cirrhitidae, Triglidae, Trachinidae, Sciaenidae, Polynemidae, Sphyraenidae, Trichiuridae, Scombridae, Carangidae, Xiphiidae. London : British Museum Vol. 2 548 pp. 

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. 

Johnson, J.W., 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. A comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Guam : Coral Graphics vi 330 pp. 192 pls.

Russell, B.C. & Houston, W. 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 6(1): 69-84

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. 

Smith, JLB. 1962. The rare "Furred-Tongue" Uraspis uraspis (Günther) from South Africa, and other new records from there. Ichthyological Bulletin Rhodes University, Grahamstown 26: 503-511.
Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds) The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Williams, I. 2016. Uraspis uraspis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T46081534A46664519. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T46081534A46664519.en. Downloaded on 02 April 2017.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37337020

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:18-130 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:28 cm FL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map