Golden Damsel, Amblyglyphidodon aureus (Cuvier 1830)

Other Names: Golden Devil, Golden Sergeant

A Golden Damsel, Amblyglyphidodon aureus, on Holmes Reef in the Coral Sea, November 2016. Source: Ian Shaw / License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial


The Golden Damsel has two colour phases. One is overall bright yellow (sometimes paler below) with a bright blue ring around the eye, and bright blue spots and lines on the head and chest. The less common phase is pale greyish with yellow pelvic, anal and caudal fins.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Amblyglyphidodon aureus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Feb 2024,

Golden Damsel, Amblyglyphidodon aureus (Cuvier 1830)

More Info


Rowley Shoals (17°20'S) and Scott Reef (14°03'S), WA, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea (12°15'S) and Ashmore Reef, Coral Sea (10°13'S) to the outer Great Barrier Reef, ESE of Townsville (19°40'S), QLD, also Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Indian Ocean. Elsewhere, the species is widespread in the tropical east-Indo-west Pacific.

Inhabits coral rich areas in lagoons and on seaward reefs, often near gorgonian corals and sea whips on vertical reef walls.


Feeds on zooplankton.


Females lay demersal adhesive eggs that are guarded by the male parent. The eggs are often laid onto dead branches of gorgonian corals or on sea whips.

Species Citation

Glyphisodon aureus Cuvier, 1830, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons 5: 479. Type locality: Java.


Dianne J. Bray

Golden Damsel, Amblyglyphidodon aureus (Cuvier 1830)


Allen, G.R. 1975. Damselfishes of the South Seas. New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications 237 pp. 251 figs.

Allen, G.R. 1991. Damselfishes of the World. Melle, Germany : Mergus Verlag 271 pp.

Allen, G. R. 2001. Family Pomacentridae. pp. in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Randall, J. E. 2002. A review of the leucogaster species complex of the Indo-Pacific pomacentrid genus Amblyglyphidodon, with descriptions of two new species. Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 5(4): 139-152.

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 197 pp.

Cuvier, G.L. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1830. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 5 499 pp. pls 100-140.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37372016

Depth:2-45 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:13 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map