Bluestripe Squirrelfish, Sargocentron tiere (Cuvier 1829)

Other Names: Ruby Squirrelfish, Tahitian Squirrelfish

A Bluestripe Squirrelfish, Sargocentron tiere, at Oahu, Honolulu, Hawaii. Source: David R / iNaturalist. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives

A red squirrelfish with iridescent blue stripes along sides, especially lower sides, spinous dorsal fin red with white tips and a white blotch in the middle of each fin membrane, and white leading edges on pelvic and anal-fin spines.
The large spine on the cheek is mildly venomous.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Sargocentron tiere in Fishes of Australia, accessed 16 Apr 2024,

Bluestripe Squirrelfish, Sargocentron tiere (Cuvier 1829)

More Info


Known in Australia from Rowley Shoals and Muiron Islands, WA, to the northern Great Barrier Reef, QLD; also in the Coral Sea and at Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the Indian Ocean. Found elsewhere in the tropical, East-Indo west-central Pacific. Inhabits coastal and offshore reef slopes and exposed reef margins, hiding in holes, caves and crevices during the day.


Meristic features: Dorsal fin XI, 13-15; Anal fin IV, 9-10 (usually 9); Pectoral fin 13-15; Gill rakers 7-9+ 13-16; Lateral line scales 45-52; Scale rows above lateral line 2.5; Scale rows on cheek 5. 

Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.6-2.95 in SL; head length (HL) 2.6-2.9 in SL; snout often shorter than orbit diameter, its length 3.6-3.9 in HL; interorbital width 5.05-5.85 in HL; maxilla extending posteriorly from center of eye to below rear edge of the pupil, upper jaw length 2.2-2.3 in HL; premaxillary groove usually reaching to a vertical at front edge of the orbit; anterior end of nasal bone with 2 short diverging spines; medial margin of nasal bone spineless; large nasal fossa without spinules on margin; slight ridge along the upper edge of suborbital bones with low recumbent spinules in young, becoming smooth in adults, at least below the anterior half of orbit; opercle with 2 large subequal opercular spines; preopercular spine, 3.6-5.2 in HL; short dorsal spines, 3rd to 5th subequal, 4th dorsal spine usually longest, 2.6-3.5 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.5-2.3 in HL


Body red with silvery red stripes overlaid with blue iridescence; spinous portion of dorsal fin red with white-tipped spines and a white blotch in the middle of each membrane; leading edges of pelvic and anal-fin spines white.


Feeds at night on crustaceans, crustacean larvae, polychaete worms, and small fishes.

Species Citation

Holocentrum tiere Cuvier, 1829, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons 3: 202. Type locality: Matavai barrier reef, Tahiti, Society Islands, French Polynesia.


Dianne J. Bray

Bluestripe Squirrelfish, Sargocentron tiere (Cuvier 1829)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1979. The Fishes of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Aust. Natl. Parks Wldlf. Ser. Spec. Publ. 2. Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service 81 pp. 15 pls.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Cuvier, G.L. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1829. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 3 500 pp., pls 41-71.

Randall, J.E. 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 27: 1-105 pls 1-11

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E. & Greenfield, D.W. 1999. Family Holocentridae. pp. 2225-2256 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 2069-2790 pp.

Shimizu, T. & T. Yamakawa. 1979. Review of the squirrelfishes (Subfamily Holocentrinae: Order Beryciformes) of Japan, with a description of a new species. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 26(2): 109-147.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37261030


Danger:Venomous cheek spine

Depth:1-183 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:33 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map