Staring Pearleye, Scopelarchus guentheri Alcock 1896


Illustration of a Staring Pearleye, Scopelarchus guentheri. Source: Fig. 53, in Johnson (1974) Fieldiana Zoology 66: i-ix + 1-249 / Biodiversity Heritage Library. License: CC BY Attribution

Summary:
A pearleye with pigment on the body limited to dark stripes above and below the lateral line.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Scopelarchus guentheri in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Sep 2020, http://136.154.202.208/Home/species/3322

Staring Pearleye, Scopelarchus guentheri Alcock 1896

More Info


Distribution

Off central Western Australia, and in the Coral Sea, off Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in tropical and subtropical waters worldwide. Undertakes vertical migrations at night.

Features

Dorsal fin 7-8; Anal fin 24-28; Pectoral fin 8-22; Lateral line scales 47-51; Vertebrae 46-52; Branchiostegal rays 8. 

Biology

Scopelarchids are synchronous hermaphrodites with an ovotestis containing functional male and female reproductive tissue.

Species Citation

Scopelarchus guentheri Alcock 1896, J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal 65(2,3): 307. Type locality: off India [22°14´N, 67°09´E]

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Staring Pearleye, Scopelarchus guentheri Alcock 1896

References


Alcock, A.W. 1896. Natural history notes from H.M. Indian marine survey steamer Investigator, Series 2(2). A supplemental list of the marine fishes of India with descriptions of two new genera and eight new species. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 65(2,3): 301-338 Ref at BHL

Alcock, A.W. 1897. Illustrations of the zoology of the Royal Indian marine surveying steamer Investigator,...Fishes. Calcutta. Part 4: no. p., Pl. 17. Ref at BHL

Bannermann, P., Nunoo, F., Poss, S. & Russell, B. 2015. Scopelarchus guentheri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T13485856A15603280. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T13485856A15603280.en. Downloaded on 23 May 2018.

Davis, M.P. 2015. Evolutionary relationships of the deep-sea pearleyes (Aulopiformes: Scopelarchidae) and a new genus of pearleye from Antarctic waters. Copeia 103(1): 64-71. https://doi.org/10.1643/CI-14-139 Abstract 
Post, A. 1990. Scopelarchidae, Pearl eyes, pp. 134-135, in Gon, O. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. Grahamstown : J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 462 pp. Ref at BHL

Johnson, R.K. 1974. A revision of the alepisauroid family Scopelarchidae (Pisces: Myctophiformes). Fieldiana Zoology 66: i-ix + 1-249. Ref at BHL

Johnson, R.K. 1982. Fishes of the families Evermannellidae and Scopelarchidae: systematics, morphology, interrelationships and zoogeography. Fieldiana Zoology ns 12: 1-252 figs 1-74 Ref at BHL

Johnson, R.K. 1986. Family No. 77: Scopelarchidae. pp. 265-267 in Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds). Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls.

Watson, W. & Sandknop, E.M. 1996. Scopelarchidae: pearleyes. pp. 332-343. In Moser, H.G. 1996. The early stages of fishes in the California Current region. Fisheries Investigations Atlas No. 33. Lawrence, Kansas : California Cooperative Oceanic Allen Press, Inc. 1505 pp.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37131005

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Habitat:Mesopelagic, oceanic

Max Size:12 cm SL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map