Suruga Lightfish, Polymetme surugaensis (Matsubara 1943)

Illustration of a Suruga Lightfish, Polymetme surugaensis. Source: Matsubara, 1943 - Ichthyological annotations from the depth of the Sea of Japan, I-VII. License: Public Domain

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2021, Polymetme surugaensis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 16 Apr 2024,

Suruga Lightfish, Polymetme surugaensis (Matsubara 1943)

More Info


Off Port Hedland, Western Australia. Elsewhere the species occurs in the  Indo-West Pacific from off southern Indonesia, southern Japan, Taiwan and the northern South China Sea and northwestern Australia. Inhabits continental and insular slope areas.


Dorsal fin 11; Anal fin 29-33; Vertebrae 44-45; Pyloric caeca 6; photophores above anal fin 17-19.


Feeds mainly on zooplankton, especially crustaceans.


The species is named surugaensis for Suruga Bay in the Sea of Japan, the location of Heta, the type locality.

Species Citation

Yarrella surugaensis Matsubara 1943, Journal of Sigenkagaku Kenkyusyo 1(1): 74, fig. 22. Type locality: Heta, Japan. 


Bray, D.J. 2021


Atlas of Living Australia

Suruga Lightfish, Polymetme surugaensis (Matsubara 1943)


Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. 

Harold, A.S. 1999. Families Gonostomatidae, Sternoptychidae, Phosichthyidae, Astronesthidae, Stomiidae, Chauliodontidae, Melanostomiidae, Idiacanthidae, Malacosteidae. pp. 1896-1917 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068.

Harold, A. 2020. Polymetme surugaensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T141366232A141564376. Downloaded on 12 April 2021.

Matsubara, K. 1943. Ichthyological annotations from the depth of the Sea of Japan. I–VII. Journal of Sigenkagaku Kenkyusyo 1(1): 37-82 

Parin, N.V. & Borodulina, O.D. 1990. Review of the genus Polymetme (Photichthyidae) with the description of two new species. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 30(5): 733-743

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37106028


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:316-420 m


Max Size:12 cm SL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map