Sunset Dottyback, Pseudochromis andamanensis Lubbock 1980

Other Names: Andaman Dottyback

Sunset Dottyback, Pseudochromis andamanensis. Source: Rick Winterbottom / FishWise Professional. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A secretive dottyback with a bright yellow to orange basal stripe or series of spots.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Pseudochromis andamanensis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 16 Apr 2024,

Sunset Dottyback, Pseudochromis andamanensis Lubbock 1980

More Info


Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island in the Timor Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Eastern Indian Ocean: eastern Andaman Sea and Indonesia.
Inhabits coastal, lagoon and exposed seaward reefs, sheltering amongst coral.


Dorsal fin III, 22-25; Anal fin III, 13-15; Pectoral fin 17-19; Caudal fin (principal rays) 17Circumpeduncular scales 16.
Second anal-fin spine much stouter than third spine.


Head greenish to orange yellow, becoming greyish ventrally; upper half of flanks on anterior half of body greenish to orange yellow (each scale with dark margin), remainder of body greenish to pinkish grey becoming steel-blue posteriorly; posterior and ventral margin of orbit with a thin orange line bordered with a narrow dark line; pectoral fin base bright orange. Iris light brown with two horizontal blue lines, one above and one below pupil, lines joined posteriorly. Dorsal fin with a bright orange basal stripe, remainder pinkish greyish hyaline with faint  horizontal to oblique wavy reddish lines and blue distal margin; anal fin grey with about five horizontal rows of red spots and bluish distal margin; caudal fin hyaline near dorsal and ventral margins, otherwise steel blue with small red spots, becoming faintly reddish on posterior margin; pectoral fins pinkish hyaline; pelvic fins pinkish hyaline with dark grey spine and red lines between rays. 


Dottybacks are protogynous hermaphrodites, and form small harems with a dominant male and several females.


The species is named andamanensis for the type locality: Andamen Sea.

Species Citation

Pseudochromis andamanensis Lubbock 1980, Revue Suisse de Zoologie 87(3): 821, fig. 1. Type locality: Campbell Bay, Similan Island, Andaman Sea. 


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Sunset Dottyback, Pseudochromis andamanensis Lubbock 1980


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Gill, A.C. 2004. Revision of the Indo-Pacific dottyback fish subfamily Pseudochrominae (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae). Smithiana, Publication in Aquatic Biodiversity, Monographs 1: 1-213 

Kuiter, R.H. & Tonozuka, T. 2001. Indonesian Reef Fishes. Part 1.  Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Australia : Zoonetics pp. 1-302.

Lubbock, R. 1980. Five new basslets of the genus Pseudochromis (Teleostei : Pseudochromidae) from the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 87(3): 821-834 See ref at BHL

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37313034


Depth:1-35 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:7 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map