Goldenline Whiting, Sillago analis Whitley 1943

Other Names: Goldenlined Sillago, Golden-lined Whiting, Rough-scale Whiting, Rough-scaled Whiting, Tin Can Bay Whiting

A Goldenline Whiting, Sillago analis, from Machan, Queensland. Source: Lek / Bowerbird License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A pale dusky-silvery whiting becoming silvery below, with a dull golden silver to golden yellow stripe along the side below the lateral line, pale yellow to bright yellow pelvic and anal fins, and fine blackish-brown spots scattered on the pectoral fins.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Sillago analis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Apr 2024,

Goldenline Whiting, Sillago analis Whitley 1943

More Info


Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia, around the tropical north to Moreton Bay, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in Papua New Guinea.
Inhabits silty/sand areas in protected inlets and mangrove-lined tidal tidal creeks.


Dorsal fin XII, 16-18; Anal fin II, 14-17; Vertebrae 33-34. 
The anterior part of the swim bladder has rudimentary tubules projecting anteriorly and a lateral series, that diminishes in size and becoming sawtooth-like, projecting posteriorly. 


Feeds on invertebrates, including bivalve molluscs, crustaceans and polychaete worms. Individuals feed at night over silty-sand areas, sometimes 'ploughing' the bottom in search of prey.


Spawning occurs near sandbars around the mouths of estuaries.

Similar Species

Differs from Yellowfin Whiting, Sillago schomburgkii, in having fewer lateral line scales (54–61 vs. 66–76) and soft dorsal-fin rays (16–18 vs. 19–22). Goldenline Whiting also have larger body scales, giving them a rough or coarse feel to the body compared with the smooth or fine scales of Yellowfin Whiting.

Species Citation

Sillago analis Whitley 1943, Australian Zoologist 10(2):  184. Type locality: Shark Bay, Western Australia.


Bray, D.J. 2019


Australian Faunal Directory

Goldenline Whiting, Sillago analis Whitley 1943


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Blaber, S.J.M., Young, J.W. & Dunning, M.C. 1985. Community structure and zoogeographic affinities of the coastal fishes of the Dampier region of north-western Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36: 247-266.

Brewer, D.T. & Warburton, K. 1992. Selection of prey from a seagrass/mangrove environment by golden lined whiting, Sillago analis (Whitley). Journal of Fish Biology 40: 257-271.

Brown, J., Dowling, C., Hesp, A., Smith, K. & Molony, B. 2013. Status of nearshore finfish stocks in southwestern Western Australia. Part 3: Whiting (Sillaginidae). Fisheries Research Report No. 248. Department of Fisheries, Western Australia. 128 pp.

Coulson, P.G. 2003. Comparisons between the biology of two species of whiting (Sillaginidae) in Shark Bay, Western Australia. Honours thesis, Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia, 77 pp.

Coulson, P.G., Hesp, S.A., Potter, I.C. & Hall, N.G. 2005. Comparisons between the biology of two co-occurring species of whiting (Sillaginidae) in a large marine embayment. Environmental Biology of Fishes 73(2): 125-139.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. 

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. 

Gunn, J.S. & Milward, N.E. 1985. The food, feeding habits and feeding structures of the whiting species Sillago sihama (Forsskål) and Sillago analis Whitley from Townsville, North Queensland, Australia. Journal of Fish Biology 26: 411-427.

Hyndes, G.A., Platell, M.E. & Potter, I.C. 1997. Relationships between diet and body size, mouth morphology, habitat and movements of six sillaginid species in coastal waters: implications for resource partitioning. Marine Biology 128: 585-598. 

Hutchins, J.B. 1997. Checklist of fishes of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. pp. 239-253 in Wells, F. (ed.) The Marine Fauna and Flora of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum.

Hyndes, G.A. & Potter, I.C. 1997. Age, growth and reproduction of Sillago schomburgkii in south-western Australian nearshore waters and comparisons of life history styles of a suite of Sillago species. Environmental Biology of Fishes 49: 435−447

Hyndes, G.A., Potter, I.C. & Lenanton, R.C.J. 1996. Habitat partitioning by whiting species (Sillaginidae) in coastal waters. Environmental Biology of Fishes 45: 21-40.

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp. 

Lenanton, R.C.J. 1970. The biology of commercially fished whiting (Sillago spp.) in Shark Bay, Western Australia. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Western Australia, Perth. 

McKay, R.J. 1985. A revision of the fishes of the family Sillaginidae. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 22(1): 1-73 figs 1-18 

McKay, R.J. 1992. FAO Species Catalog. Sillaginid fishes of the world (Family Sillaginidae) an annotated and illustrated catalogue of the Sillago, smelt of the Indo-Pacific whiting species. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 14. 1-87 pp.

 McKay, R.J. 1999. Family Sillaginidae. pp. 2614-2629 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. 

Whitley, G.P. 1943. Ichthyological notes and illustrations. Part 2. The Australian Zoologist 10(2): 167-187 figs 1-10

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37330003

Behaviour:45 cm TL

Depth:0-10 m

Fishing:Commercial/recreational fish

Habitat:Estuaries, tidal creeks, mangroves

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CAAB distribution map