Panatela Hardyhead, Hypoatherina panatela (Jordan & Richardson 1908)

Other Names: Panatela Silverside

Panatela Hardyhead, Hypoatherina panatela. Source: FAO / FishBase. License: CC BY Attribution-NonCommercial

A hardyhead with a distinct crescent-shaped mark on the snout immediately before the eye, and the upper part of the midlateral band terminating in a half-crescent shape on the upper lobe of the caudal fin.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Hypoatherina panatela in Fishes of Australia, accessed 01 Apr 2023,

Panatela Hardyhead, Hypoatherina panatela (Jordan & Richardson 1908)

More Info


Scott Reef, Western Australia, to Carter Reef, Timor Sea, across the tropical north to the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, and reefs in the Coral Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, west-central Pacific.
Inabitats deeper enclosed atoll lagoons, reefs, coastal waters and harbours.


Dorsal fin V-VII + I, 8-10; Anal Fin I, 9-12; Interdorsal scales 8-10. 
Ascending process of premaxilla long, extending past orbit into interorbital space; lateral process very long and pungent. Vomerine teeth forming a characteristic T pattern. Gill rakers long and slender, longer than half the diameter of pupil.

Species Citation

Atherina panatela Jordan & Richardson 190, Bull, Bur, Fish, (U.S.) for 1907 27:  243. Type locality: Calayan Island, Philippine Islands.


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Panatela Hardyhead, Hypoatherina panatela (Jordan & Richardson 1908)


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. (as Stenatherina panatela)

Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. pp. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.) Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106 (as Stenatherina temminckii)

Ivantsoff, W. & Crowley, L.E.L.M. 1999. Atherinidae. pp. 2113-2139 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds) The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. 

Jordan, D.S. & Richardson, R.E. 1908. Fishes from the islands of the Philippine Archipelago. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries (U.S.) for 1907 27: 233-287 figs 1-12 

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293.

Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. A comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Guam : Coral Graphics vi 330 pp. 192 pls. (as Stenatherina panatela)

Sasaki, D. & Kimura, S. 2014. Taxonomic review of the genus Hypoatherina Schultz 1948 (Atheriniformes: Atherinidae). Ichthyological Research 1-35

Schultz, L.P. 1948. A revision of subfamilies of atherine fishes, with descriptions of new genera and species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 98(3220): 1-48 figs 1-9 pls 1-2 

Taylor, W.R. 1964. Fishes of Arnhem Land. Records of the American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land 4: 44-307 figs 1-68

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37246038

Depth:1-20 m

Habitat:Reef associated, pelagic

Max Size:11 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map