Golden Grouper, Saloptia powelli Smith 1964

Other Names: Pink Grouper, Powell's Grouper

A Golden Grouper, Plectropomus powelli (formerly Saloptia powelli), from Tsukiji Market, Tokyo, Japan, December 2009. Source: S-OTSUBO / WEB fish picture book ( . License: CC by Attribution

In a genetic study of epinepheline groupers, Ma & Craig (2018) concluded that this species belongs in the genus Plectropomus

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Saloptia powelli in Fishes of Australia, accessed 30 Nov 2023,

Golden Grouper, Saloptia powelli Smith 1964

More Info


Recorded in Australia from offshore reefs of north Western Australia, Evans Shoal, Northern Territory, and reefs in the Coral Sea, Queensland (14°–22°S); also Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, west-central Pacific.
Inhabits deep reefs.


Taken in deep water fisheries, and targeted in some areas of its distribution range. The species is considered to be an excellent food fish.

Species Citation

Saloptia powelli Smith, 1964, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 13 6(72): 719, fig. 1, pl. 21. Type locality: Cook Islands, Pacific.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Golden Grouper, Saloptia powelli Smith 1964


Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Craig, M.T., Sadovy de Mitcheson, Y.J. & Heemstra, P.C. 2011. Groupers of the World: a Field and Market Guide. Grahamstown, South Africa : NISC Ltd 356 pp., Appendix 47 pp.

Heemstra, P.C. & Randall, J.E. 1993. Groupers of the World (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 16. Rome: FAO. pp. 1-382

Heemstra, P.C. & Randall, J.E. 1999. Family Serranidae. pp. 2442-2548 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 2069-2790 pp.

Hobbs, J-P.A., S .J. Newman, G.E.A. Mitsopoulos, M.J. Travers, C.L. Skepper, J.J. Gilligan, G.R. Allen, H.J. Choat & A.M. Ayling. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202. PDF

Hobbs, J-P.A., S .J. Newman, G.E.A. Mitsopoulos, M.J. Travers, C.L. Skepper, J.J. Gilligan, G.R. Allen, H.J. Choat & A.M. Ayling. 2014. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands: new records, community composition and biogeographic significance. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 203–219. PDF

Kramer, S.H., Kramer, S.M. & Newman, S.J. 1994. New deep-water fish records from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Pacific Science 48(1): 70-79.

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293.Ma, K.Y. & Craig, M.T. 2018. An Inconvenient Monophyly: An Update on the Taxonomy of the Groupers (Epinephelidae). Copeia 106(3): 443–456.  

Ma, K.Y., Craig, M.T., Choat, J.H. & van Herwerden, L. 2016. The historical biogeography of groupers: clade diversification patterns and processes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 100: 21–30.

Randall, J.E. & Heemstra, P.C. 1991. Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 20: 1-332

Samoilys, M., Choat, J.H. & Rocha, L. 2008. Saloptia powelli. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. . Downloaded on 14 February 2015.

Smith, J.L.B. 1964. A new serranid fish from deep water off Cook Island, Pacific. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 13 6(72): 719-720 pl. 21

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37311174

Conservation:IUCN Data Deficient

Depth:100-367 m

Fishing:Commercial & sports fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:39 cm SL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map