Little Conger, Gnathophis longicauda (Ramsay & Ogilby 1888)

Other Names: Little Conger Eel, Little Conger-eel, Silver Conger

A Little Conger, Gnathophis longicauda, in Wagonga Inlet, Narooma, New South Wales, January 2019. Source: acanthaster / License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Gnathophis longicauda in Fishes of Australia, accessed 30 Nov 2023,

Little Conger, Gnathophis longicauda (Ramsay & Ogilby 1888)

More Info


East of Moreton Island, Queensland, to Bernier Island, Western Australia, including around Tasmania. Elsewhere the species occurs in northern New Zealand, at depths to 405 m. Inhabits soft sediment areas on the continental shelf and slope.


The specific name longicauda is from the Latin longus (= long) and cauda (= tail), in reference to the tail of this species being longer than that of Gnathophis habenatus.

Species Citation

Congromuraena longicauda Ramsay & Ogilby 1888, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 2 2(4): 1022. Type locality: Parramatta River, New South Wales.


Bray, D.J. 2022


Atlas of Living Australia

Little Conger, Gnathophis longicauda (Ramsay & Ogilby 1888)


Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. 

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs. 

Karmovskaya, E.S. & Paxton, J.P. 2000. Revision of the Australian congrid eels of the genus Gnathophis (Family Congridae), with descriptions of six new species. Journal of Ichthyology 40(Suppl. 1): 1-14 (as Gnathophis longicaudatus)

McCosker, J., Smith, D.R. & Tighe, K. 2019. Gnathophis longicauda. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T199319A2582260. Downloaded on 24 August 2020.

Ramsay, E.P. & Ogilby, J.D. 1888. Descriptions of two new fishes from Port Jackson. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 2 2(4): 1021-1023 See ref at BHL

Smith, D.G. 2008. Family Congridae. pp. 174-179 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Smith, D.G. & Stewart, A.L. 2015. Families Derichthyidae, Nemichthyidae, Congridae, Nettastomatidae, Serrivomeridae. pp. 259-290 in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 2 pp. 1-576.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37067002

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:2-405 m

Habitat:Soft sediment areas

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map