Closefin Pearlfish, Echiodon anchipterus Williams 1884

Closefin Pearlfish, Echiodon anchipterus. Source: Jeffrey T. Williams / Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes. License: All rights reserved

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Echiodon anchipterus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 01 Mar 2024,

Closefin Pearlfish, Echiodon anchipterus Williams 1884

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Recorded in Australia from off Sydney to south-east of Tasmania. Found elsewhere in the  tropical and temperate, Western Pacific.


Pectoral fin 15-16; total nasal lamellae 22; Cephalic sensory pore system, IO 9. LT 6, MD 5, POP 3. SO 5, ST 3; Branchiostegal rays 7; Precaudal vertebrae 19–21.

Snout rounded, projecting slightly beyond upper jaw; mouth oblique, upper jaw extending beyond posterior margin of eye; eye elliptical, diameter equal to snout length; interorbital width half eye diameter; anterior nostril small, circular, halfway between snout tip and front margin of eye; opercular spine short, exposed through an elliptical slit in skin; gill rakers longest gill raker almost equal to interorbital width.
Dorsal-fin origin slightly behind vertical from tip of pectoral fin; anal-fin origin below pectoral-fin base; pectoral fin shorter than postorbital length of head; pelvic fins absent. Scales absent, lateral line a well-developed, continuous tube.

Species Citation

Echiodon anchipterus Williams, 1984, Copeia 1984(2): 415, figs 1A, 4. Type locality: Visayan Sea, south-west of Caduruan Point, Philippines [11°35'45"N, 123°55'32"E].


Dianne J. Bray

Closefin Pearlfish, Echiodon anchipterus Williams 1884


Markle, D.F. 1999. Family Carapidae, in Nielsen, J.G., Cohen, D.M., Markle, D.F. & Robins, C.R. Ophidiiform Fishes of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 18. 178 pp.

Markle, D.F. & J.E. Olney. 1990. Systematics of the pearlfishes (Pisces: Carapidae). Bull. Mar. Sci. 47(2): 269–410. (as Echiodon coheni)

Nakabo, T. (ed.) 2002. Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species. (English ed.) Tokai University Press. 1: i-lxi + 1-866

Williams, J.T. 1984. Studies on Echiodon (Pisces: Carapidae), with description of two new Indo-Pacific species. Copeia 1984(2): 410-422.

Williams, J.T. & Y. Machida. 1992. Echiodon anchipterus: a valid western Pacific species of the pearlfish family Carapidae with comments on Eurypleuron. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 38(4): 367-373.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37229014

Depth:0-79 m

Max Size:17 cm TL

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