Black Pomfret, Parastromateus niger (Bloch 1795)

Other Names: Black Batfish, Blue Skate, Butterfish, Halibut, Slade, Turbot

A Black Pomfret, Parastromateus niger, from Metro Manila, Cubao, farmer's market, Philippines - USNM 403175. Source: Jeffrey T. Williams / Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike

Adults are a bluish-brown above, pale silvery-grey below with anterior parts of the dorsal and anal fins bluish-grey, a black blotch on the rear margin of the gill cover, and no pelvic fins. 
Juveniles are have dark bars and well-developed black pelvic fins, and often associate with jellyfishes in the water column. 

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Parastromateus niger in Fishes of Australia, accessed 13 Jul 2024,

Black Pomfret, Parastromateus niger (Bloch 1795)

More Info


Dorsal fin II-VI, 41-46; Anal fin II, 35-40; Vertebrae 24. 
Body deep, strongly compressed. Lateral line ending in weakly-developed scutes on caudal peduncle. Pelvic fins lost in individuals over 9 cm. 

Species Citation

Stromateus niger Bloch,1795, Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische 9: 93, pl. 422. Type locality: Tranquebar, India.


Dianne J. Bray



Black Pomfret, Parastromateus niger (Bloch 1795)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Bloch, M.E. 1795. Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische. Berlin : J. Morino Vol. 9 192 pp. pls 397-429.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.
Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Paepke, H.-J. 1999. Bloch's fish collection in the Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt Universität zu Berlin: an illustrated catalog and historical account. Theses Zoologicae 32: 1-216.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790.

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37337072

Depth:15-105 m (usually to 40 m)

Fishing:Commercial species

Habitat:Muddy areas

Max Size:75 cm TL

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