Longfin Perch, Caprodon longimanus (Günther 1859)

Other Names: Long-finned Perch, Pink Maomao

A female Longfin Perch, Caprodon longimanus - New Zealand. Source: Brian Gratwicke / Flickr. License: CC by Attribution

The Longfin Perch has a long-based dorsal fin, an emarginate caudal fin, and long pointed pectoral fins that are longer than the head. Males are pinkish-mauve with yellow spots and wavy lines, sometimes with blackish blotches on the upper body and dorsal fin, and yellowish fins. Females are uniform pinkish-mauve. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Caprodon longimanus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Jul 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/4373

Longfin Perch, Caprodon longimanus (Günther 1859)

More Info


Off Coffs Harbour to Bermagui, New South Wales, and off Rottnest Island, Western Australia; also at Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the temperate western-central Pacific.
Inhabits inshore and offshore reefs, the outer continental shelf, and seamounts, often forming large schools around islands, above pinnacles and deep drop-offs in areas with strong currents - usually in depths below 25 m.


Feeds on plankton and zooplankton.


Protogynous hermaphrodite - individuals start life as female and change sex to male. 


The species is reportedly an excellent table fish.


In New Zealnd, Longfin Perch have been seen in aggregations of over 200 individuals.

Species Citation

Anthias longimanus Günther 1859, Cat. fishes British Museum 1: 94. Type locality: Indian or Australian seas.


Bray, D.J. 2019


Atlas of Living Australia

Longfin Perch, Caprodon longimanus (Günther 1859)


Castelnau, F.L. de 1879. Essay on the ichthyology of Port Jackson. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 3(4): 347-402 (as Neoanthias guntheri) See ref at BHL

Günther, A. 1859. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Gasterosteidae, Berycidae, Percidae, Aphredoderidae, Pristipomatidae, Mullidae, Sparidae. London : British Museum Vol. 1 524 pp. See ref at BHL

Hector, J. 1875. Notes on New Zealand ichthyology. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 7(34): 239-250, Pls. 10-11 (described as Scorpis fairchildi) See ref at BHL

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. 

Kingsford, M.J. 1989. Distribution patterns of planktivorous reef fish along the coast of northeastern New Zealand . Marine Ecology Progress Series 54(1989): 13-24.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. 437 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 2004. Basslets, Hamlets and their relatives. A comprehensive guide to selected Serranidae and Plesiopidae. Chorleywood, UK : TMC Publishing 1, 216 pp. 

McMillan, P.J., Francis, M.P., Paul, L.J., Marriott, P.J., Mackay, E., Baird, S.-J., Griggs, L.H., Sui, H. & Wei, F. 2011. New Zealand fishes. Volume 2: A field guide to less common species caught by bottom and midwater fishing. New Zealand Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity Report No. 78

Roberts, C.D. 2015. 166. Family Serranidae. pp. 1178-1199 in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. (eds). The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 4 pp. 1153-1748.

Williams, J.T., Carpenter, K.E., Lawrence, A. & Myers, R. 2016. Caprodon longimanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T69584359A69592277. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T69584359A69592277.en. Downloaded on 16 September 2019.

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37311095


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1-400 m

Habitat:Pelagic near pinnacles, dropoffs

Max Size:60 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map