Banded Seaperch, Hypoplectrodes nigroruber (Cuvier 1828)

Other Names: Black-banded Sea Perch, Black-banded Seaperch, Black-banded Sea-perch, Red Spangled Sea-perch

A Banded Seaperch, Hypoplectrodes nigroruber, at Shark Point, Cronulla, New South Wales. Source: John Turnbull / Flickr. License: All rights reserved

A red to brown or yellowish-grey seaperch becoming white below, with four darker red to blackish bands over the rear half of body, and often 5th short bar from the gill cover to the dorsal-fin origin. The upper head and body is densely speckled with irregular dark spots, the rear margin of the gill cover is yellow and the fin rays are spotted. Juveniles are often whitish with black bands.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Hypoplectrodes nigroruber in Fishes of Australia, accessed 23 May 2024,

Banded Seaperch, Hypoplectrodes nigroruber (Cuvier 1828)

More Info


Endemic to the southern half of Australia, from the Solitary Islands, New South Wales, to the Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia, including Tasmania. Inhabits rocky reefs at depths to 40 m, often resting on ledges


Dorsal fin X, 16–18; Anal fin III, 8; Caudal fin 17; Pectoral fin 13–14; Pelvic fin I, 5; Lateral line scales 55–58.  
Body depth 38–41% SL; head length 39–43% SL; eye diameter 20–23% HL; preopercle with 3 large forward directed spines below. 


Red to brown or yellowish grey above, white below, with 4 darker red to black vertical bands over posterior half of body and 5th short band from opercle to dorsal-fin origin; black blotch just below lateral line in band under middle dorsal-fin spines; upper head and body densely speckled with irregular dark spots; free margin of opercles yellow; fin rays spotted.

Species Citation

Plectropoma nigrorubrum Cuvier, in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons 2: 402. Type locality: King George Sound, Western Australia.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Banded Seaperch, Hypoplectrodes nigroruber (Cuvier 1828)


Anderson, W.D. Jr & Heemstra, P.C. 1989. Ellerkeldia, a junior synonym of Hypoplectrodes, with redescriptions of the type species of the genera (Pisces: Serranidae: Anthiinae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 102(4): 1001-1017

Cuvier, G.L. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1828. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 2 xxi, 2 + 490 pp., pls 9-40. See ref at BHL

Edgar, G.J. 2008. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Sydney : Reed New Holland 2nd edn, 624 pp. 

Hoschke, A., Whisson, G. & Moore, G.I. 2019. Complete list of fishes from Rottnest Island. pp. 150-161 in Whisson, G. & Hoschke, A. (eds) The Rottnest Island fish book. 2nd ed. Perth : Aqua Research and Monitoring Services.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270 

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1994. Families Serranidae, Callanthiidae. pp. 528-548 figs 469-485 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2004. Basslets, Hamlets and their relatives. A comprehensive guide to selected Serranidae and Plesiopidae. Chorleywood, UK : TMC Publishing 1, 216 pp. 

Kuiter, R. & Kuiter, S. 2018. Coastal sea-fishes of south-eastern Australia. Seaford, Victoria : Aquatic Photographics, 371 pp.

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. 

Parish, S. 1974. Australia's Ocean of Life. Newport, Victoria : Wedneil Publications 128 pp. 

Roberts, C.D. & Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Polyprionidae, Serranidae and Callanthiidae. pp. 534-549 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Scott, T.D., Glover, C.J.M. & Southcott, R.V. 1974. The Marine and Freshwater Fishes of South Australia. Adelaide : Government Printer 392 pp. figs.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37311037


Depth:0-40 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:30 cm TL


Species Maps

CAAB distribution map