Purple Queen, Pseudanthias tuka (Herre & Montalban 1927)

Other Names: Purple Anthias, Purple Queenfish

A male Purple Queen, Pseudanthias tuka, on Osprey Reef in the Coral Sea, July 2015. Source: Ian Shaw / iNaturalist.org. License: CC BY Attribution-NonCommercial

A deep pinkish to purple anthiine with a yellow stripe along the back and upper and lower caudal-fin lobes in females. Males have a very pointed snout, a dark blotch on the rear of the dorsal fin, extended caudal-fin lobes, and tall second dorsal and anal fin rays. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Pseudanthias tuka in Fishes of Australia, accessed 28 May 2023, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/4403

Purple Queen, Pseudanthias tuka (Herre & Montalban 1927)

More Info


Offshore reefs of north Western Australia, Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea, and the far northern Great Barrier Reef to NE of Townsville, and reefs in the Coral Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the south-east-Indo-west Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia.
Forms large aggregations along the upper edge of drop-offs and on steep outer reef slopes at depths to 40 m.


The specific name tuka (= beak) in the Tagalog language group in the Philippines, in allusion to the projecting tip on the snout.

Species Citation

Mirolabrichthys tuka Herre & Montalban, in Herre 1927, Philippine Journal of Science 32: 413. Type locality: Maricaban Island, Philippine Islands.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Purple Queen, Pseudanthias tuka (Herre & Montalban 1927)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Starck, W.A. 1982. The anthiid fishes of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia, with the description of a new species. Revue Française d'Aquariologie et Herpétologie 9(2): 47-56 figs 1-28 

Coleman, N. 1981. Australian Sea Fishes North of 30°S. Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 297 pp. 

Herre, A.W. & Montalban, H.R. in Herre, A.W. 1927. A new genus and three new species of Philippine fishes. Philippine Journal of Science 32: 413-417 figs 1-2 

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2004. Basslets, Hamlets and their relatives. A comprehensive guide to selected Serranidae and Plesiopidae. Chorleywood, UK : TMC Publishing 1, 216 pp. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E. & Lubbock, R. 1981. A revision of the serranid fishes of the subgenus Mirolabrichthys (Anthiinae : Anthias) with descriptions of five new species. Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History Contributions in Science 333: 1-27 figs 1-18

Williams, J.T., Lawrence, A. & Myers, R. 2016. Pseudanthias tuka. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T69591878A69592819. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T69591878A69592819.en. Downloaded on 07 November 2020.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37311127


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:2-40 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:12 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map