Manyband Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides brevicaudatus (Weber 1909)

Other Names: Many-banded Cardinalfish, Many-banded Cardinal-fish, Short-tail Cardinalfish

A Manyband Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides brevicaudatus, on the Kimberley coast, Western Australia. Source: Gerald R. Allen / FishBase. License: All rights reserved

A relatively large pinkish to pale reddish-brown cardinalfish with 8-9 narrow stripes following the scale rows along the side, a large black spot near the base of the second dorsal fin, a smaller black spot on the base of the anal fin, a dark diagonal bar across the cheek, and a small black spot on the upper part of the gill cover. The Manyband Cardinalfish may have three indisctinct vertical bars on the sides.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2021, Apogonichthyoides brevicaudatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 23 Jul 2024,

Manyband Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides brevicaudatus (Weber 1909)

More Info


Shark Bay, Western Australia, around the tropical north, to Wide Bay, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Aru Islands Indonesia (the type locality).
Shelters in reef crevices and around isolated rocky and coral outcrops.


Dorsal fin VII + I, 9; Anal fin II, 8; Pectoral fin 15-16; Lateral line scales 23-25; Gill rakers (first arch) 4+12.

Similar Species

The Manyband Cardinalfish has no vertical bars, nor an ocellated spot on body.


The specific name brevicaudatus is from the Latin brevis (= short) and caudatus (= tailed), in reference to the short caudal fin of this species.

Species Citation

Apogon brevicaudatus Weber 1909, Notes from the Leyden Museum 31(2): 158. Type locality: Jedan Island, Aru Islands, Indonesia.


Bray, D.J. 2021


Atlas of Living Australia

Manyband Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides brevicaudatus (Weber 1909)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. (as Apogon brevicaudatus)

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Fraser, T.H. & Allen, G.R. 2010. Cardinalfish of the genus Apogonichthyoides Smith, 1949 (Apogonidae) with a description of a new species from the West-Pacific region. Zootaxa 2348: 40-56.

Fraser, T.H. & Allen, G.R. 2011. A new cardinalfish of the genus Apogonichthyoides (Perciformes, Apogonidae) from Raja Ampat Islands, with a key to species. Zootaxa 3095: 63-68.

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. (as Apogon brevicaudata)

Kuiter, R.H. & Kozawa, T. 2019. Cardinalfishes of the world. New ed. Seaford, Victoria : Aquatic Photographics, and Okazaki, Aichi, Japan : Anthias, Nexus: 1-198.

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293.

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds) The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp. (as Apogon brevicaudatus)

Mabuchi, K., Fraser, T.H., Song, H., Azuma, Y. & Nishida, M. 2014. Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846(2): 151–203. 

Ogilby, J.D. 1911. Descriptions of new or insufficiently described fishes from Queensland waters. Annals of the Queensland Museum 10: 36-58 figs 5-6 (described as Amia berthae

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2 (as Apogon brevicaudatus)

Russell, B.C. & Houston, W. 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 6(1): 69-84. (as Apogon brevicaudatus)

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. (as Apogon brevicaudatus)

Weber, M. 1909. Note IV. Diagnosen neuer Fische der Siboga-Expedition. Notes from the Leyden Museum 31(2): 143-169. See ref at BHL

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37327005

Biology:Mouth brooders (males)

Depth:10-35 m

Habitat:Reef associated, soft bottoms

Max Size:19.5 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map