Roundhead Mullet, Moolgarda cunnesius (Valenciennes 1836)

Other Names: Longarm Mullet, Long-finned Mullet, Mud Mullet, Round-headed Mullet
Color greenish-grey dorsally, sides silvery. Second dorsal and anal fin with black margins

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Moolgarda cunnesius in Fishes of Australia, accessed 27 Feb 2024,

Roundhead Mullet, Moolgarda cunnesius (Valenciennes 1836)

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Shark Bay, Western Australia, to Mooloolaba, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific. Inhabits estuaries, inshore coastal waters, and juveniles often enters the lower freshwater parts of rivers.


Dorsal fin IV-V + 8; Anal fin II-III, 9; Scales in lateral series 37-43.
Posterior tip of upper jaw hidden when mouth closed. Pectoral fins 86-97% of head length, reaching below origin of first dorsal fin with axillary scale nearly half the length of fin. Scales with membranous digitated hind margin.

Species Citation

Mugil cunnesius Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons Vol. 11: 114. Type locality: Syntypes - Coromandel coast, India; Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Mumbai, India.


Bray, D.J. 2019


Atlas of Living Australia

Roundhead Mullet, Moolgarda cunnesius (Valenciennes 1836)


Blaber, S.J.M., Brewer, D.T., Salini, J.P., Kerr, J.D. & Conacher, C. 1992. Species composition and biomasses of fishes in tropical seagrasses at Groote Eylandt, northern Australia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 35: 605-620 (as Valamugil cunnesius)

Blaber, S.J.M., Young, J.W. & Dunning, M.C. 1985. Community structure and zoogeographic affinities of the coastal fishes of the Dampier region of north-western Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36: 247-266.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. 

Harrison, I.J. & Senou, H. 1999. Order Mugiliformes. pp. 2069-2790 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. (as Valamugil cunnesius)

Kottelat, M. 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 27: 1-663 

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp. (as Valamugil cunnesius)

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293 (as Valamugil cunnesius)

Sarojini, K.K. 1958. Biology and fisheries of the grey mullets of Bengal. II. Biology of Mugil cunnesius Valenciennes. Indian Journal of Fisheries 5(1): 56-74.

Thomson, J.M. 1997. The Mugilidae of the world. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 41(3): 457-562 fig. 1 (in part as Valamugil cunnesius)

Valenciennes, A. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1836. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 11 506 pp. pls 307-343.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37381006

Max Size:41 cm TL

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map